Welfare Stigma Allowing for Psychological and Cultural Effects. An Agent-Based Simulation Study
AbstractWe investigate the effects of income support on unemployment and welfare dynamics when stigma is attached to welfare provision. Stigma has been modelled in the literature as a cost of entry into welfare. Allowing for psychological factors, we assume that with stigma welfare provision leads to lower search effectiveness; moreover, we allow for interaction among agents. Carrying out an agent-based simulation study, we find that welfare take-up rates decrease with stigma while welfare spells get longer. Unemployment rates are not monotonically related to the amount of stigma, implying that we can find higher levels of unemployment with stigma than with no stigma.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by LABORatorio R. Revelli, Centre for Employment Studies in its series LABORatorio R. Revelli Working Papers Series with number 56.
Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
job-search; welfare dependence; stigma; Agent-Based modeling; longitudinal data.;
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