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Ethnicity And Conflict: An Empirical Study

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  • Joan Esteban
  • Laura Mayoral and Debraj Ray

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of ethnic divisions on conflict. The empirical specification is informed by a theoretical model of conflict (Esteban and Ray, 2011) in which equilibrium conflict intensity is related to just three distributional indices of diversity: ethnic polarization, ethnic fractionalization, and a Greenberg-Gini index of "difference" constructed across ethnic groups. Our empirical findings verify that these distributional measures are significant correlates of conflict. The underlying theory permits us to use these results to make inferences about the relative importance of public goods in conflict, as well as the extent of within-group cohesion in conflictual activity. These effects are further strengthened as we introduce country-specific measures of group cohesion and the relative importance of public goods, and combine them with the distributional measures exactly as specified by the theory.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Barcelona Graduate School of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 482.

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Date of creation: Jul 2010
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Handle: RePEc:bge:wpaper:482

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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Conflicts and Economic Development
    by Dany Jaimovich - Bakary Baludin in Development Therapy on 2013-03-04 14:32:00
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Cited by:
  1. Frederico Gil Sander & Intan Nadia Jalil & Rabia Ali, 2013. "Malaysia Economic Monitor, December 2013 : High-Performing Education," World Bank Other Operational Studies 16705, The World Bank.
  2. Dominic Rohner & Mathias Thoenig & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2011. "Seeds of distrust: Conflict in Uganda," ECON - Working Papers, Department of Economics - University of Zurich 054, Department of Economics - University of Zurich.
  3. Michal Brzezinski, 2013. "Income polarization and economic growth," Working Papers, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality 296, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  4. Pino, Francisco J. & Vidal-Robert, Jordi, 2014. "Habemus Papam? Polarization and Conflict in the Papal States," CAGE Online Working Paper Series, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE) 189, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
  5. Pierre PECHER, 2013. "Ethnic conflict, power dynamics and growth," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales), Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) 2014008, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  6. Miguel Vargas & Alejandro Corvarlan, 2013. "Segregation and Social Conflict: An Empirical Analysis," Working Papers, Facultad de Economía y Empresa, Universidad Diego Portales 42, Facultad de Economía y Empresa, Universidad Diego Portales.
  7. Ager, Philipp & Brückner, Markus, 2013. "Cultural diversity and economic growth: Evidence from the US during the age of mass migration," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 76-97.
  8. Breuer, Janice Boucher & McDermott, John, 2013. "Economic depression in the world," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(PB), pages 227-242.
  9. Paul Castaneda Dower & Victor Ginsburgh & Shlomo Weber, 2014. "Colonial Legacy, Linguistic Disenfranchisement and the Civil Conflict in Sri Lanka," Working Papers, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group 2014-011, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
  10. Vera Mironova & Egor Lazarev, 2013. "Minority Status and Investment: Evidence from Natural and Lab Experiments in Bosnia and Herzegovina1," HiCN Working Papers 162, Households in Conflict Network.

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