The French Regions’ Borrowing Behaviours. How heterogeneous are they?
AbstractThis paper provides empirical evidence of the heterogeneous borrowing behaviours of French regions, despite a common accountability constraint that forces them to balance their budget and to borrow only to finance investment expenditure (golden rule). To this end, we use a quantile regression analysis covering the period from 1999 to 2007. The heterogeneity is very pronounced when the regions face a negative shock on debt, for instance a tightening of financial conditions. We explain our findings as a consequence of the fact that the Golden rule can be thought of as a “soft” rule if some local administrations believe that a financial rescue from the central government is automatic (as the regions receive transfers from the later). In this case, some regions find it advantageous to consider borrowing as an adjustment variable when taking their budgetary decisions.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Banque de France in its series Working papers with number 289.
Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Regional Borrowing; Quantile Regressions; Golden Rule.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H74 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Borrowing
- E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
- K34 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Tax Law
- R5 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-08-21 (All new papers)
- NEP-GEO-2010-08-21 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-PBE-2010-08-21 (Public Economics)
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