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El crecimiento económico colombiano: datos nuevos y modelos viejos para interpretar el período 1925-2000

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  • Carlos Esteban Posada P.

    ()

  • Andrea Rojas A.

    ()

Abstract

En este documento presentamos y utilizamos una base de datos demográficos y macroeconómicos colombianos del período 1925-2000. Del examen de estos datos sobresalen algunos rasgos interesantes. Entre estos se destacan la transición demográfica, iniciada a mediados del siglo XX, y las desaceleraciones de las tasas de crecimiento del capital humano, de los productos por trabajador y por habitante y de la productividad multifactorial en el último cuarto del siglo. Además, bajo ciertos supuestos calculamos: a) la brecha entre la tasa de inversión en capital físico y la tasa teórica de ahorro de equilibrio (según el modelo de Solow), b) el nivel de equilibrio de la tasa de rendimiento real del capital físico de estado estacionario, c) el salario real integral de equilibrio del año 2000 y d) los acervos de los capitales humano y total.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 480.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:480

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Keywords: Población; tasas de natalidad y mortalidad; crecimiento económico; capital humano; productividad multifactorial; eficiencia laboral. Classification JEL: J11; J24; O11; O16; O40; O47;

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References

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  1. Luis Eduardo Arango & Paula Herrera & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2007. "El salario mínimo: aspectos generales sobre los casos de Colombia y otros paises," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002544, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  2. Carlos Esteban Posada & Miguel Urrutia Montoya, 2004. "Un Siglo de Crecimiento Económico," INVESTIGACIÓN ECONÓMICA EN COLOMBIA 003692, FUNDACIÓN PONDO.
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Cited by:
  1. Alvis, Camilo & Castrillón, Cristian, 2011. "Tamaño óptimo del gasto público colombiano: una aproximación desde la teoría del crecimiento endógeno," BORRADORES DEPARTAMENTO DE ECONOMÍA 008986, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE.

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