The multimarket contacts theory; an application to Italian banks
AbstractThe multimarket contact hypothesis holds that more contacts between firms competing in the same markets may induce more collusion. This paper tests the hypothesis for the Italian banking market, analysing the behaviour of the largest Italian banks from 1990 to 1996. Market rivalry is gauged by changes in loan market shares and interest rates in each Italian province. Different measures of multimarket contacts are built. We estimate the effects of increasing multimarket contacts, concentration indicators, banksÂ’ costs and loan growth on variations in market shares and interest rates. No support is found for the multimarket contact hypothesis. Geographical overlap in banking is positively correlated with changes in market shares, confirming the thesis of an overall increase in competition within the Italian banking system. Greater multimarket links also seem to correspond to lower lending rates.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area in its series Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) with number 387.
Date of creation: Dec 2000
Date of revision:
banks; antitrust policy; multimarket contacts; panel data;
Other versions of this item:
- De Bonis, R. & Ferrando, A., 2000. "The Multimarket Contacts Theory: An Application to Italian Banks," Papers 387, Banca Italia - Servizio di Studi.
- G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
- C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
- L40 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - General
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