Islamic finance and conventional financial systems. Market trends, supervisory perspectives and implications for central banking activity
AbstractThe paper analyses Islamic finance from the central bank and supervisory authorityÂ’s perspective, focusing on the European and Italian context. It depicts a rapidly expanding sector, with recent annual growth rates of between 10 and 15 percent and a geographical presence that now reaches several Western countries. Future prospects, however, could be hampered by problems concerning the standardization of products, governance structure, supervisory regulation, monetary policy instruments, and liquidity management. Islamic intermediaries are not necessarily riskier than traditional counterparts but their operational structure tends to be more complex. Key issues in supervision include the treatment of investment accounts and transparency. It has been seen that there are limits to the efficiency of the monetary policy instruments developed so far to remedy the prohibition of interest; moreover, the growth of interbank and money markets is hindered by a shortage of "Shari'ah-compliant" products. Problems arising from the participation of Islamic banks in payment systems are also discussed.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area in its series Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) with number 73.
Date of creation: Oct 2010
Date of revision:
Islamic finance; Islamic financial institutions; supervision; monetary policy instrments; payment systems;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
- F39 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Other
- Z12 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Religion
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-11-20 (All new papers)
- NEP-ARA-2010-11-20 (MENA - Middle East & North Africa)
- NEP-CBA-2010-11-20 (Central Banking)
- NEP-CWA-2010-11-20 (Central & Western Asia)
- NEP-EEC-2010-11-20 (European Economics)
- NEP-MON-2010-11-20 (Monetary Economics)
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