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Beschäftigungswirkungen verringerter Sozialleistungen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt – Was bewirkt Hartz IV?

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  • Irmen, Andreas
  • Lipponer, Christoph

Abstract

Von dem vierten Gesetz für moderne Dienstleistungen am Arbeitsmarkt (Hartz IV), das mit dem 1. Januar 2005 in Kraft trat, erhoffte sich der Gesetzgeber eine Stärkung der Anreize, Arbeit anzubieten. Dieser Aufsatz analysiert die Beschäftigungswirkungen einer Senkung staatlicher Unterstützungsleistungen für arbeitslos Gemeldete in einem einfachen Arbeitsmarktmodell mit einem vom Lohnabstand abhängigen Arbeitsangebot. In diesem Modell erhöht eine solche Senkung das Arbeitsangebot. Ist der Arbeitsmarkt vollkommenen, so führt dies zu einer Senkung des gleichgewichtigen Reallohns und damit zu mehr Beschäftigung. In einem unvollkommenen Arbeitsmarkt mit einem bindenden Mindestlohn kann diese Wirkung ebenfalls erzielt werden, wenn der Anstieg der unfreiwillig Arbeitslosen z.B. die Verhandlungsmacht der Gewerkschaften reduziert und über diesen Umweg zu einem niedrigeren Reallohn führt. Positive Beschäftigungswirkungen sind deshalb aber erst zeitverzögert zu erwarten.

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Paper provided by University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0506.

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Date of creation: 26 Nov 2010
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Handle: RePEc:awi:wpaper:0506

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  1. Hans-Werner Sinn & Christian Holzner & Wolfgang Meister & Wolfgang Ochel & Martin Werding, 2002. "Aktivierende Sozialhilfe - Ein Weg zu mehr Beschäftigung und Wachstum," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 55(09), pages 03-52, 05.
  2. Felderer, Bernhard & Homburg, Stefan, 2005. "Makroökonomik und neue Makroökonomik," EconStor Books, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, number 92556, February.
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