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Recovering Model Structures from Large Low Rank and Sparse Covariance Matrix Estimation

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  • Xi Luo
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    Abstract

    Many popular statistical models, such as factor and random effects models, give arise a certain type of covariance structures that is a summation of low rank and sparse matrices. This paper introduces a penalized approximation framework to recover such model structures from large covariance matrix estimation. We propose an estimator based on minimizing a non-likelihood loss with separable non-smooth penalty functions. This estimator is shown to recover exactly the rank and sparsity patterns of these two components, and thus partially recovers the model structures. Convergence rates under various matrix norms are also presented. To compute this estimator, we further develop a first-order iterative algorithm to solve a convex optimization problem that contains separa- ble non-smooth functions, and the algorithm is shown to produce a solution within O(1/t^2) of the optimal, after any finite t iterations. Numerical performance is illustrated using simulated data and stock portfolio selection on S&P 100.

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    File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1111.1133
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    Paper provided by arXiv.org in its series Papers with number 1111.1133.

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    Date of creation: Nov 2011
    Date of revision: Mar 2013
    Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1111.1133

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    1. Chamberlain, Gary & Rothschild, Michael, 1982. "Arbitrage, Factor Structure, and Mean-Variance Analysis on Large Asset Markets," Scholarly Articles 3230355, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    2. Ledoit, Olivier & Wolf, Michael, 2003. "Improved estimation of the covariance matrix of stock returns with an application to portfolio selection," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 603-621, December.
    3. Fan, Jianqing & Fan, Yingying & Lv, Jinchi, 2008. "High dimensional covariance matrix estimation using a factor model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 147(1), pages 186-197, November.
    4. Alexei Onatski, 2009. "Testing Hypotheses About the Number of Factors in Large Factor Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 77(5), pages 1447-1479, 09.
    5. Ledoit, Olivier & Wolf, Michael, 2004. "A well-conditioned estimator for large-dimensional covariance matrices," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 88(2), pages 365-411, February.
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    10. Cai, Tony & Liu, Weidong, 2011. "Adaptive Thresholding for Sparse Covariance Matrix Estimation," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 106(494), pages 672-684.
    11. Johnstone, Iain M. & Lu, Arthur Yu, 2009. "On Consistency and Sparsity for Principal Components Analysis in High Dimensions," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 104(486), pages 682-693.
    12. Ross, Stephen A., 1976. "The arbitrage theory of capital asset pricing," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 341-360, December.
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    Cited by:
    1. Fan, Jianqing & Liao, Yuan & Mincheva, Martina, 2011. "Large covariance estimation by thresholding principal orthogonal complements," MPRA Paper 38697, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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