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Cofactor Infections and HIV Epidemics in Developing Countries: Implications for Treatment

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Author Info

  • Larry Sawers
  • Eileen Stillwaggon
  • Tom Hertz

Abstract

This article shows that the burden of certain tropical disease infections, after controlling for other factors, is positively correlated with HIV prevalence. Using cross-national data and multivariate linear regression analysis, we investigate the determinants of HIV prevalence in low- and middle-income countries. We begin with social and economic variables used in other crossnational studies and then incorporate data on parasitic and infectious diseases endemic in poor populations, which are found to be strongly and significantly correlated with—and are potent predictors of—HIV prevalence. The paper concludes by arguing that treating tropical diseases may be a cost-effective addon to HIV prevention and treatment programs, thus slowing the spread of HIV in disease-burdened populations.

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File URL: http://w.american.edu/cas/economics/repec/amu/workingpapers/2008-03.pdf
File Function: First version, 2008
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by American University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2008-03.

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Length: 15 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:amu:wpaper:0308

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Web page: http://www.american.edu/cas/economics/

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Cited by:
  1. Durevall, Dick & Lindskog, Annika, 2013. "Intimate Partner Violence and HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa," Working Papers in Economics 563, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics, revised 14 May 2013.
  2. Hunsmann, Moritz, 2012. "Limits to evidence-based health policymaking: Policy hurdles to structural HIV prevention in Tanzania," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 74(10), pages 1477-1485.

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