Les Théories de la Justice Vues par un Économiste
AbstractConcerning theories of justice, law and economics seem to advance along divergent lines: whereas the jurist does not argue any longer for what is “just” nor does he cares about the aim of the law, the economist again gives attention to questions of justice, which is one important subject of “economic philosophy”. For a long time the debate about “old” and “new” welfare economics gave the analysis a “welfarist” orientation (I); in this paper we also glance over the main research fields explored nowadays by the economist, all of them being identified with its specific methodological approach: Rawls’ “contractualism” gives access to the first “post-welfarist” field, which has renewed normative economics (II). In such a favorable context, Hayek’s “evolutionism” receives more attention as a “non welfarist” theory which otherwise could have remained at the margin of the economic thought (III). Lastly, Sen’s “comparatism” has become a second “post-welfarist” theory which insists on his complete autonomy towards the first one (IV). Each of these four economics-based approaches can of course be prolonged up to the domain of law.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Aix-Marseille School of Economics, Marseille, France in its series AMSE Working Papers with number 1226.
Length: 18 pages
Date of creation: 05 Oct 2012
Date of revision: 05 Oct 2012
Welfare economics; welfarism; contractualism; evolutionism; comparatism.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- A12 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
- B41 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - Economic Methodology
- D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
- K10 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - General (Constitutional Law)
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-01-07 (All new papers)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Claude Gamel, 2006. "Hayek et Rawls sur la justice sociale : les différences sont-elles «plus verbales que substantielles» ?," Working Papers halshs-00409672, HAL.
- H. R. Varian, 1973.
"Equity, Envy and Efficiency,"
115, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
- Claude Gamel, 2010. "QUE FAIRE DE « L'APPROCHE PAR LES CAPACITES » ? Pour une lecture « rawlsienne » de l'apport de Sen," Working Papers halshs-00519630, HAL.
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