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Closing the Gender Gap in Bangladesh: Inequality in Education, Employment and Earnings

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  • Mohammad, Hossain
  • Tisdell, Clement A.

Abstract

Assesses the status of women in Bangladesh by analysing the dynamics of female participation in labour force and education as well as gender earnings differentials at the macro level. The study finds evidence of growing commercialisation of women’s work in Bangladesh. Although the bulk of the female labour force is engaged in self-employment activities in the rural area or in low-skilled textile and readymade garment industries in the urban area, women’s participation in high-skill and entrepreneurial jobs as well as various decision-making bodies is also on the rise. While the gender wage differentials have been considerably reduced in many industries, in general women tend to be paid less than men. There have been remarkable improvements in women’s educational attainments compared to men. Further, female access to education is found to be highly correlated with overall female labour force participation, and relative to male participation. The overall results are suggestive of an improvement in the status of women in Bangladesh.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Queensland, School of Economics in its series Social Economics, Policy and Development Working Papers with number 106948.

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Date of creation: Oct 2003
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Handle: RePEc:ags:uqsese:106948

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Related research

Keywords: Bangladesh; Women’s empowerment; Female labour force participation; Female education; Gender wage differentials; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; J16; J21; J82;

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  1. Hossain, Mohammad & Tisdell, Clement A., 2003. "Fertility and Female Work Force Participation in Bangladesh: Causality and Cointegration," Social Economics, Policy and Development Working Papers 106947, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. Chicha, Marie-Thérèse, 2006. "Analyse comparative de la mise en oeuvre du droit à l'égalité de rémunération : modèles et impacts," ILO Working Papers 392033, International Labour Organization.
  2. Kapsos, Steven, 2008. "The gender wage gap in Bangladesh," ILO Working Papers 413417, International Labour Organization.
  3. Chicha, Marie-Thérèse, 2006. "A comparative analysis of promoting pay equity : models and impacts," ILO Working Papers 399524, International Labour Organization.
  4. Tisdell, Clement A. & Regmi, Gopal, 2004. "Economic Social and Cultural Influences on the Status and Wellbeing of Indian Rural Wives," Social Economics, Policy and Development Working Papers 106952, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
  5. Hossain, Mohammad & Tisdell, Clement A., 2005. "Does Workforce Participation Empower Women? Micro-Level Evidence from Urban Bangladesh," Social Economics, Policy and Development Working Papers 123451, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
  6. Chaudhuri, Sanjukta, 2010. "Women's Empowerment in South Asia and Southeast Asia: A Comparative Analysis," MPRA Paper 19686, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Mohammad, Hossain & Tisdell, Clement A., 2003. "Major Demographic Changes in Bangladesh and their Socio-economic Correlates: Analysis of Trends," Social Economics, Policy and Development Working Papers 106950, University of Queensland, School of Economics.

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