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Child Undernutrition, Household Poverty and National Income in Developing Countries: Quantile Regression Results

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  • Block, Steven A.
  • Masters, William A.
  • Bhagowalia, Priya

Abstract

The eradication of child undernutrition and extreme poverty are important objectives for most societies. Countries with higher national incomes usually improve in both dimensions, but not always at the same rate. Using quantile regression, we show that poverty rates tend to decline with increased income at a roughly constant elasticity. In contrast, while the prevalence of child underweight declines at that same elasticity where it is most widespread, the elasticity becomes smaller as underweight becomes less prevalent. This finding suggests a need for increasingly targeted interventions to achieve a given reduction in undernutrition as its prevalence declines.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Agricultural and Applied Economics Association in its series 2010 Annual Meeting, July 25-27, 2010, Denver, Colorado with number 61323.

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Date of creation: May 2010
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Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea10:61323

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Keywords: global poverty; millennium development goals; underweight; weight-for-height; income elasticity of bodyweight; income elasticity of poverty; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty;

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  1. Erich Battistin & Richard Blundell & Arthur Lewbel, 2007. "Why is Consumption More Log Normal Than Income? Gibrat's Law Revisited," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 671, Boston College Department of Economics.
  2. Theo S Eicher & Cecilia Garcia Penalosa, . "Inequality and Growth," Discussion Papers in Economics at the University of Washington 0083, Department of Economics at the University of Washington.
  3. Lawrence Haddad & Harold Alderman & Simon Appleton & Lina Song & Yisehac Yohannes, 2003. "Reducing Child Malnutrition: How Far Does Income Growth Take Us?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 17(1), pages 107-131, June.
  4. François Bourguignon, 2002. "The growth elasticity of poverty reduction : explaining heterogeneity across countries and time periods," DELTA Working Papers 2002-03, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  5. Kalwij, Adriaan & Verschoor, Arjan, 2007. "Not by growth alone: The role of the distribution of income in regional diversity in poverty reduction," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 51(4), pages 805-829, May.
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