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Universidad y crecimiento económico: mercado laboral y recaudación fiscal. El caso del sistema universitario público valenciano

In: Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 5

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Author Info

  • Angel Soler Guillen

    ()
    (IVIE)

  • Irene Zaera Cuadrado

    ()
    (IVIE)

  • Francisco Pérez García

    ()
    (IVIE)

  • José Manuel Pastor Monsalvez

    ()
    (IVIE)

Abstract

Las universidades son uno de los agentes más activos en la generación de capital humano en las sociedades actuales y, por tanto, contribuyen por esta vía al crecimiento económico de su entorno. Asimismo, en la medida en que el capital humano generado en las universidades permite a los titulados universitarios percibir mayores ingresos laborales, las universidades también contribuyen indirectamente al aumento de la recaudación fiscal de su entorno. Este trabajo propone sendas metodologías para cuantificar el impacto de las universidades al crecimiento económico y a la recaudación fiscal. Ambas metodologías se basan en la definición de escenarios contrafactuales que permiten comparar la situación actual con una hipotética en la que no existieran universidades. Las metodologías se aplican al caso de las universidades públicas valencianas. Los resultados indican que en la última década, las aportaciones de las universidades públicas valencianas han significado alrededor del 30% del crecimiento y del 9% de la recaudación fiscal por IRPF e IVA de la Comunidad Valenciana.

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This chapter was published in:

  • María Jesús Mancebón-Torrubia & Domingo P. Ximénez-de-Embún & José María Gómez-Sancho & Greg (ed.), 2010. "Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación," E-books Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, Asociación de Economía de la Educación, edition 1, volume 5, number 05, 9.
    This item is provided by Asociación de Economía de la Educación in its series Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 5 with number 05-56.

    Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed05:05-56

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    Web page: http://www.economicsofeducation.com
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    Keywords: crecimiento económico; capital humano; recaudación fiscal; Universidad;

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    1. Rubén Garrido-Yserte & María Gallo-Rivera, 2010. "The impact of the university upon local economy: three methods to estimate demand-side effects," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 44(1), pages 39-67, February.
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