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Movilidad ocupacional de los inmigrantes en España

In: Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 5

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Author Info

  • Antonio Caparrós Ruiz

    ()
    (Universidad de Málaga)

  • Mª Lucía Navarro Gómez

    ()
    (Universidad de Málaga)

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    Abstract

    El proceso de asimilación de los inmigrantes en el país de acogida ha sido, tradicionalmente, uno de los principales tópicos en la literatura económica sobre migración (véase, por ejemplo, Chiswick, 1978 o Zimmermann, 1995). En España, la convergencia laboral de los inmigrantes hacia los trabajadores españoles se ha abordado desde diversos puntos de vista. Así, Fernández y Ortega (2008) verifican la existencia de diferencias entre la población nativa y la extranjera, con respecto a la probabilidad de participar en el mercado de trabajo y encontrar un empleo. Por su parte, Amuedo-Dorantes y De la Rica (2007) examinan si la asimilación salarial de los inmigrantes es una función creciente con el tiempo de permanencia en España, mientras que Caparrós y Navarro (2009) analizan la asimilación contractual de los extranjeros y la presencia de segregación ocupacional. Finalmente, trabajos como Simón et al. (2007) y Navarro y Rueda (2008) abordan la presencia de diferencias salariales entre nativos e inmigrantes. Los objetivos principales de este estudio son, en primer lugar, analizar los determinantes de la movilidad ocupacional de los inmigrantes entre el empleo en sus países de origen y el primer empleo en España. En segundo lugar, realizar un seguimiento de las trayectorias ocupacionales de los inmigrantes en España hasta su trabajo actual. De esta manera, se pretende verificar si la trayectoria ocupacional de los inmigrantes tiene forma de “U-shaped pattern”, según la terminología anglosajona; es decir, se contrasta si la tras la migración se produce una transferencia incompleta de conocimientos, originándose una caída del estatus ocupacional, que posteriormente se recupera con la paulatina adquisición de conocimientos específicos del país de destino. Para la realización de este trabajo, se estiman modelos de elección discreta y se utiliza la información proporcionada por la Encuesta Nacional de Inmigrantes (INE, 2007).

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    This chapter was published in:

  • María Jesús Mancebón-Torrubia & Domingo P. Ximénez-de-Embún & José María Gómez-Sancho & Greg (ed.), 2010. "Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación," E-books Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, Asociación de Economía de la Educación, edition 1, volume 5, number 05, 9.
    This item is provided by Asociación de Economía de la Educación in its series Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 5 with number 05-44.

    Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed05:05-44

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    Related research

    Keywords: Inmigrantes; movilidad ocupacional; asimilación laboral;

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    References

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    1. Amuedo Dorantes, Catalina & De la Rica Goiricelaya, Sara, 2006. "Labor Market Assimilation of Recent Immigrants in Spain," DFAEII Working Papers 2006-01, University of the Basque Country - Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis II.
    2. Bauer, Thomas K. & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 1999. "Occupational Mobility of Ethnic Migrants," IZA Discussion Papers 58, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Barry R. Chiswick & Yew Liang Lee & Paul W. Miller, 2002. "Longitudinal Analysis of Immigrant Occupational Mobility: A Test of the Immigrant Assimilation Hypothesis," Economics Discussion / Working Papers 02-08, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics.
    4. Hartog,Joop & Maassen van den Brink,Henriëtte (ed.), 2009. "Human Capital," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521117562.
    5. Mario Izquierdo & Aitor Lacuesta & Raquel Vegas, 2009. "Assimilation of immigrants in Spain: A longitudinal analysis," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0904, Banco de Espa�a.
    6. Ilana Redstone Akresh, 2008. "Occupational Trajectories of Legal US Immigrants: Downgrading and Recovery," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 34(3), pages 435-456.
    7. Amuedo-Dorantes, Catalina & de la Rica, Sara, 2011. "Complements or substitutes? Task specialization by gender and nativity in Spain," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 697-707, October.
    8. George J. Borjas, 1994. "The Economic Benefits from Immigration," NBER Working Papers 4955, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Sanromá, Esteban & Ramos, Raul & Simón, Hipólito, 2009. "Immigrant Wages in the Spanish Labour Market: Does the Origin of Human Capital Matter?," IZA Discussion Papers 4157, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    10. Fernandez, Cristina & Ortega, Carolina, 2006. "Labour market assimilation of immigrants in Spain: employment at the expense of bad job-matches?," IESE Research Papers D/644, IESE Business School.
    11. Sherrie A. Kossoudji & Deborah A. Cobb-Clark, 2000. "IRCA's impact on the occupational concentration and mobility of newly-legalized Mexican men," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 81-98.
    12. Klaus F. Zimmermann, 1995. "Tackling the European Migration Problems," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 45-62, Spring.
    13. Hipólito Simón & Esteban Sanromá & Raúl Ramos, 2008. "Labour segregation and immigrant and native-born wage distributions in Spain: an analysis using matched employer–employee data," Spanish Economic Review, Springer, vol. 10(2), pages 135-168, June.
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