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Impact of Income Maintenance on Low Birth Weight: Evidence from the Gary Experiment

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  • Barbara H. Kehrer
  • Charles M. Wolin
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    Abstract

    Birth weight is a useful index of infant health. Low birth weight (5.5 pounds or less) is associated with high rates of infant mortality and morbidity. Low birth weight is also associated with low socioeconomic status. The question arises, therefore, whether income transfers can affect the incidence of low birth weight among the poor. The impact of an expanded income support plan on low birth weight was analyzed using data on 404 infants born to participants in the Gary Income Maintenance Experiment. A significant health response was observed for children of women who face high-risk pregnancies.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

    Volume (Year): 14 (1979)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 434-462

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    Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:14:y:1979:i:4:p:434-462

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    Web page: http://jhr.uwpress.org/

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    Cited by:
    1. Douglas Almond & Hilary W. Hoynes & Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach, 2008. "Inside the War on Poverty: The Impact of Food Stamps on Birth Outcomes," NBER Working Papers 14306, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. James Cramer, 1995. "Racial and Ethnic Differences in Birthweight: The Role of Income and Financial Assistance," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 32(2), pages 231-247, May.
    3. Janet Currie, 1994. "Welfare and the Well-Being of Children: The Relative Effectiveness of Cash and In-Kind Transfers," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 8, pages 1-44 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Stephen Birch, 1999. "The 39 steps: the mystery of health inequalities in the UK," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(4), pages 301-308.
    5. Scodellaro, Claire & Khlat, Myriam & Jusot, Florence, 2012. "Intergenerational financial transfers and health in a national sample from France," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 75(7), pages 1296-1302.
    6. Janet Currie, 1998. "The Effect of Welfare on Child Outcomes: What We Know and What We Need to Know," JCPR Working Papers, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research 26, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
    7. Leonard, Jonathan & Mas, Alexandre, 2008. "Welfare reform, time limits, and infant health," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 1551-1566, December.

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