On Reserve Hoarding In Emes: The Case Of Turkey
AbstractThe aim of this paper is to investigate the motives behind the accelerated reserve stockpiling in Turkey. To that end, the paper investigates the long-run equilibrium relationship and Granger causality for the periods of 1974-2009 between international reserves of Turkey and a set of variables put forward by the models of reserve demand. The results of the bounds test for cointegration within the ARDL modelling approach of Pesaran et al. (2001) reveal level relationship between international reserves of Turkey and trade openness, exchange rate volatility, real exchange rate appreciation, financial development, domestic financial development, financial openness, current account volatility, export volatility, public debt, opportunity cost, foreign liabilities and short term debt. Granger causality tests display bidirectional causality between exchange rate volatility and reserves and also unidirectional causality that runs from financial openness, short term debt and domestic financial development to reserves. In addition to the Greenspan-Guidotti rule of short term external debt, the â€˜Financial-Stability Modelâ€™ seems to better explain the accelerated demand for reserves in Turkey.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Financial Management and Accounting Craiova in its journal Journal of Applied Economic Sciences.
Volume (Year): 6 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3(17)/ Fall 2011 ()
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Web page: http://www2.spiruharet.ro/facultati/facultate.php?id=14
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international finance; open economy macroeconomics; central banks and their policies; bounds test; granger causality;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
- F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
- E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
- C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models &bull Diffusion Processes
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