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Dynamics in human development: partial mobility and “jump”

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  • Atanu Sengupta

    ()
    (Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Burdwan University, Burdwan, West Bengal, India)

  • Abhijit Ghosh

    ()
    (Assistant Professor of Economics, Division of Economics, A N Sinha Institute of Social Studies, Patna, Bihar, India)

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    Abstract

    Development economists have argued that interesting dynamics exist in the intergroup movement of countries in terms of several development parameters. However, standard mobility measures are aggregative in nature. They do not study intergroup variation in mobility. In an earlier paper, we have introduced the concept of partial mobility for analysing the movement of a particular group. In this paper, the degree to which the group has progressed (or declined) from its current position is measured. It is argued that any movement is not sufficient to enhance (or worsen) a group’s welfare. There is a perceived threshold, and any movement above that threshold may be defined as “jump”. The focus of this paper is jumps, not just mobility. Jump is characterized with a set of axioms. The analysis of global data reveals that the poor countries fail to cross a threshold level, although there may be some limited movement within a narrow limit.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) in its journal Asia-Pacific Development Journal.

    Volume (Year): 20 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 1 (June)
    Pages: 33-62

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    Handle: RePEc:unt:jnapdj:v:20:y:2013:i:1:p:33-62

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    Related research

    Keywords: Human development; mobility indices; welfare implications;

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    1. Ira N. Gang & Myeong-Su Yun & John Landon-Lane, 2002. "Gender Differences in German Upward Income Mobility," Departmental Working Papers 200221, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
    2. Atanu Sengupta & Abhijit Ghosh, 2010. "Negative and Positive Partial Mobility: A Study of the Relative Changes in Human Development," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 99(2), pages 249-268, November.
    3. Shorrocks, A F, 1976. "Income Mobility and the Markov Assumption," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 86(343), pages 566-78, September.
    4. Danny Quah, 1992. "Empirical Cross-Section Dynamics in Economic Growth," FMG Discussion Papers dp154, Financial Markets Group.
    5. Basu, Kaushik, 1994. "The Traveler's Dilemma: Paradoxes of Rationality in Game Theory," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 391-95, May.
    6. Bob Baulch & John Hoddinott, 2000. "Economic mobility and poverty dynamics in developing countries," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(6), pages 1-24.
    7. DEMUYNCK, Thomas & VAN DE GAER, Dirk, . "Inequality adjusted income growth," CORE Discussion Papers RP -2505, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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