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Child Protection and Adult Crime: Using Investigator Assignment to Estimate Causal Effects of Foster Care

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  • Joseph J. Doyle Jr.
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    Abstract

    This paper uses the randomization of families to child protection investigators to estimate causal effects of foster care on adult crime. The analysis uses a new data set that links criminal justice data to child protection data in Illinois, and I find that investigators affect foster care placement. Children on the margin of placement are found to be two to three times more likely to enter the criminal justice system as adults if they were placed in foster care. One innovation describes the types of children on the margin of placement, a group that is more likely to include African Americans, girls, and young adolescents. (c) 2008 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved..

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    File URL: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/pdf/10.1086/590216
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Political Economy.

    Volume (Year): 116 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 4 (08)
    Pages: 746-770

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    Handle: RePEc:ucp:jpolec:v:116:y:2008:i:4:p:746-770

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    Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JPE/

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    Cited by:
    1. Galasso, Alberto & Schankerman, Mark, 2013. "Patents and Cumulative Innovation:Causal Evidence from the Courts," IIR Working Paper 13-16, Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    2. Markussen, Simen & Mykletun, Arnstein & Røed, Knut, 2012. "The case for presenteeism — Evidence from Norway's sickness insurance program," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(11), pages 959-972.
    3. Gelber, Alexander & Isen, Adam, 2013. "Children's schooling and parents' behavior: Evidence from the Head Start Impact Study," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 25-38.
    4. Snyder, Susan M. & Medeiros, Rose Anne, 2013. "Typologies of substance use and illegal behaviors: A comparison of emerging adults with histories of foster care and the general population," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 753-761.
    5. Grönqvist, Hans & Niknami, Susan, 2014. "Alcohol availability and crime: Lessons from liberalized weekend sales restrictions," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 77-84.
    6. Lindquist, Matthew J. & Santavirta, Torsten, 2013. "Does Placing Children in Foster Care Increase Their Adult Criminality?," Working Paper Series 3/2013, Swedish Institute for Social Research.
    7. Markussen, Simen & Røed, Knut, 2014. "The Impacts of Vocational Rehabilitation," IZA Discussion Papers 7892, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Dalsgaard, Søren & Nielsen, Helena Skyt & Simonsen, Marianne, 2014. "Consequences of ADHD Medication Use for Children's Outcomes," IZA Discussion Papers 8208, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Frank Sloan & Alyssa Platt & Lindsey Chepke & Claire Blevins, 2013. "Deterring domestic violence: Do criminal sanctions reduce repeat offenses?," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 46(1), pages 51-80, February.
    10. Doyle, Joseph J., 2013. "Causal effects of foster care: An instrumental-variables approach," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(7), pages 1143-1151.

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