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Juvenile Incarceration, Human Capital and Future Crime: Evidence from Randomly-Assigned Judges

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  • Anna Aizer
  • Joseph J. Doyle, Jr.

Abstract

Over 130,000 juveniles are detained in the US each year with 70,000 in detention on any given day, yet little is known whether such a penalty deters future crime or interrupts social and human capital formation in a way that increases the likelihood of later criminal behavior. This paper uses the incarceration tendency of randomly-assigned judges as an instrumental variable to estimate causal effects of juvenile incarceration on high school completion and adult recidivism. Estimates based on over 35,000 juvenile offenders over a ten-year period from a large urban county in the US suggest that juvenile incarceration results in large decreases in the likelihood of high school completion and large increases in the likelihood of adult incarceration. These results are in stark contrast to the small effects typically found for adult incarceration, but consistent with larger impacts of policies aimed at adolescents.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 19102.

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Date of creation: Jun 2013
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19102

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Cited by:
  1. Derek Neal & Armin Rick, 2014. "The Prison Boom and the Lack of Black Progress after Smith and Welch," NBER Working Papers 20283, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Gordon B. Dahl & Andreas Ravndal Kostøl & Magne Mogstad, 2014. "Family welfare cultures," Discussion Papers, Research Department of Statistics Norway 782, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  3. Chaisemartin, Clément de, 2014. "Tolerating defiance? Local average treatment effects without monotonicity," CAGE Online Working Paper Series, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE) 197, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
  4. Alain Cohn & Michel André Maréchal & Thomas Noll, 2013. "Bad boys: the effect of criminal identity on dishonesty," ECON - Working Papers, Department of Economics - University of Zurich 132, Department of Economics - University of Zurich.
  5. Ignacio Munyo, . "The Juvenile Crime Dilemma," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics.

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