Tokenism or Agency? The Impact of Women’s Reservations on Village Democracies in South India
Abstractpanchayats) for women candidates. Previous research has found that such “reservations” result in policy decisions that are closer to the preferences of women; qualitative research has argued, conversely, that it results in token appointments in which women are appointed by elites and are poorly educated and aged. We do not find evidence in favor of the tokenism hypothesis, finding that women leaders are drawn from the upper end of the quality distribution of women. However, we find that female leaders perform no differently than male leaders. Our results also indicate that institutional factors matter much more for women than for men: women perform better than men in situations in which they have more political experience and live in villages less dominated by upper castes.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Economic Development and Cultural Change.
Volume (Year): 56 (2008)
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- Timothy Besley & Rohini Pande & Vijayendra Rao, 2012.
"Just Rewards? Local Politics and Public Resource Allocation in South India,"
World Bank Economic Review,
World Bank Group, vol. 26(2), pages 191-216.
- Timothy Besley & Rohini Pande & Vijayendra Rao, 2007. "Just Rewards?Local Politics and Public ResourceAllocation in South India," STICERD - Development Economics Papers - From 2008 this series has been superseded by Economic Organisation and Public Policy Discussion Papers 49, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
- Ban, Radu & Rao, Vijayendra, 2009. "Is deliberation equitable ? evidence from transcripts of village meetings in south India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4928, The World Bank.
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