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Configurations of Inter-organizational Knowledge Links: Does Spatial Embeddedness Still Matter?

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  • J. Knoben
  • L. A. G. Oerlemans
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    Abstract

    K noben J. and O erlemans L. A. G. Configurations of inter-organizational knowledge links: does spatial embeddedness still matter?, Regional Studies . The actor composition of inter-organizational ego-networks is largely ignored in research on territorial innovation models. To fill this gap, this paper explores with which sets of external actors (that is, configurations) firms maintain inter-organizational knowledge links. Subsequently, it analyses the differences in innovative performance between firms engaged in different configurations, also taking into account their geographical dimensions. Four configurations emerged, all of which have positive effects on a firm's innovative performance in comparison with the ‘go-at-it-alone’ strategy. After controlling for actor composition and tie depth, however, their geographical composition is found to be unrelated to the innovative performance of firms. K noben J. and O erlemans L. A. G. 组织间知识关联的配&# x7F6E;:空间是否仍然相 173;?区域研究。在关Ө E;领域创新模型的研究 中,区域间组织网络&# x884C;为者的构成往往被 FFD;略。为了填补上述ށ 4;究空白,本文考察了 维持组织间知识关联&# x5916;部要素有哪些。文 AE0;相应分析了不同公Կ 8;创新行为之间的差异 ,同时将地理层面的&# x8981;素纳入考虑范围。 F83;之‘独立’的策略ࠀ C;言,四种配置方式中 每一种都对公司的创&# x65B0;行为产生积极影响 002; 然而,将行为者组成&# x4EE5;及关联深度进行控 236;之后,(研究)发ܻ 0;,行为者的地理组成 与公司创新行为不发&# x751F;关联。 创新 配置 合作 &# x5730;理毗邻 联盟组合 003;投资组合的多样性 K noben J. et O erlemans L. A. G. Les configurations des chaînes inter-organisationnelles de la connaissance: est-ce que l'ancrage géographique importe toujours?, Regional Studies . En ce qui concerne la recherche sur les modèles d'innovation géographiques, on fait peu d'attention à la composition des acteurs des réseaux inter-organisationnels du moi. Afin de colmater cette brèche, cet article cherche à examiner les ensembles d'acteurs externes (c'est-à-dire, les configurations) avec lesquels les entreprises suscitent des chaînes inter-organisationnelles de la connaissance. Par la suite, on analyse la variation de la performance en matière d'innovation des entreprises qui s'engagent dans diverses configurations, en tenant compte aussi de leur étendue géographique. Il en ressort quatre configurations, dont tous les quatre ont des retombées positives sur la performance de l'entreprise en matière d'innovation par rapport à la stratégie de ‘faire cavalier seul’. Cependant, ayant tenu compte de la composition des acteurs et de l'intensité du lien, il s'avère que leur composition géographique ne se rapporte pas à la performance en matière d'innovation des entreprises. Innovation Configurations Collaboration Proximité géographique Portefeuille d'alliances Diversification du portefeuille K noben J. und O erlemans L. A. G. Konfigurationen von interorganisationellen Wissensverknüpfungen: spielt die räumliche Einbettung noch eine Rolle?, Regional Studies . In den Studien über territoriale Innovationsmodelle wird die Zusammensetzung der Akteure in interorganisationellen Ego-Netzwerken weitgehend ignoriert. Um diese Lücke zu schließen, untersuchen wir in diesem Beitrag, mit welchen Gruppen von externen Akteuren (d. h. Konfigurationen) Firmen interorganisationelle Wissensverknüpfungen unterhalten. Anschließend analysieren wir die Unterschiede bei der innovativen Leistung verschiedener Firmen in unterschiedlichen Konfigurationen unter Berücksichtigung ihrer jeweiligen geografischen Dimensionen. Es ergeben sich vier Konfigurationen, die sich im Vergleich zur ‘Einzelgänger’-Strategie alle positiv auf die innovative Leistung einer Firma auswirken. Bei einer Berücksichtigung der Zusammensetzung der Akteure sowie der Tiefe ihrer Verbindungen stellt sich jedoch heraus, dass ihre geografische Zusammensetzung in keinem Zusammenhang zur innovativen Leistung der Firmen steht. Innovation Konfigurationen Zusammenarbeit Geografisch e Nähe Bündnisportfolio Portfolio-Diversität K noben J. y O erlemans L. A. G. Configuraciones de los enlaces de conocimiento interinstitucionales: ¿todavía importa la integración espacial?, Regional Studies . En los estudios sobre los modelos de innovación territorial se ignora en gran medida la composición de los actores de las ego-redes interinstitucionales. Para cubrir este vacío, en este artículo examinamos con qué grupo de actores externos (es decir, configuraciones) mantienen las empresas los enlaces de conocimiento interinstitucionales. Posteriormente, analizamos las diferencias en el rendimiento innovador entre las empresas que participan en configuraciones diferentes, considerando también sus dimensiones geográficas. Surgieron cuatro configuraciones, todas con efectos positivos en el rendimiento innovador de las empresas en comparación con la estrategia ‘en solitario’. Sin embargo, después de tener en cuenta la composición de actores y la profundidad de los enlaces, observamos que su composición geográfica no está relacionada con el rendimiento innovador de las empresas. Innovación Configuraciones Colaboración Pro ximidad geográfica Cartera de alianzas Diversidad de las carteras

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 46 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 8 (June)
    Pages: 1005-1021

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:8:p:1005-1021

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    Cited by:
    1. Chiara Franco & Alberto Marzucchi & Sandro Montresor, 2012. "Absorptive capacity, innovation cooperation and human-capital. Evidence from 3 European countries," JRC-IPTS Working Papers on Corporate R&D and Innovation 2012-05, Institute of Prospective Technological Studies, Joint Research Centre.
    2. Maja Savic & Helen Lawton Smith & Ioannis Bournakis, 2014. "The effect of external knowledge sources and their geography on innovation in Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS) SMEs; some Implications for de-industrialised regions in the UK," Working Papers 18, Birkbeck Centre for Innovation Management Research, revised Aug 2014.
    3. Alberto Marzucchi & Davide Antonioli & Sandro Montresor, 2012. "Research cooperation within and across regional boundaries. Does innovation policy add anything?," JRC-IPTS Working Papers on Corporate R&D and Innovation 2012-04, Institute of Prospective Technological Studies, Joint Research Centre.

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