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The Changing Role of Learning Regions in the Globalizing Knowledge Economy: A Theoretical Re-examination

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  • Bj�rn Asheim
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    Abstract

    A sheim B. The changing role of learning regions in the globalizing knowledge economy: a theoretical re-examination, Regional Studies . Highlighting four theoretical developments, this paper theoretically re-examines the learning region in view of the changing roles of regions in the globalizing knowledge economy: (1) from specific contexts to general regional development strategies; (2) introducing the doing--using--interacting (DUI) mode of innovation; (3) broadening the science--technology--innovation (STI) mode; and (4) accessing knowledge in distributed knowledge networks. This paper advocates a more nuanced understanding of knowledge, learning and innovation, and identifies ‘bridging mechanisms’ to reduce cognitive distance and increase connectivity in regional innovation systems. A sheim B. 学习型区域在知识经&# x6D4E;全球化进程中作用 684;改变:对相关理论ࣽ B;行再考察,区域研究 。 在强调了理论进展的&# x56DB;个方面的基础上, 72C;文就学习型区域在ݾ 5;识经济全球化进程中 作用的改变进行了理&# x8BBA;层面的再考察:(1&#x FF09;从特定背景转向区W DF;发展的总体策略;( ;2)引入了创新的互动 性实践模式 (DUI);(3)拓展了科学-&#x 6280;术-创新(STI)模式;以及 ;(4)在分布性知识网 络中对知识进行价。&# x672C;文倡导对于知识、 B66;习以及创新的更加ӣ 0;富的理解, 同时提出”桥接机制&# x201D;来减少认知差距并 89E;加区域创新体制之य़ 4;的关联性。 学习区域 知识库 &# x521B;新模式 知识经济 003;拓展型学习 全球Ա 6; A sheim B. L'évolution du rôle des régions d'apprentissage dans la mondialisation de l'économie de la connaissance: un réexamen théorique, Regional Studies . Soulignant quatre développements théoriques, cet article cherche à réexaminer la région d'apprentissage sous un optique théorique étant donné l'évolution des rôles de la région quant à la mondialisation de l'économie de la connaissance: (1) à partir des contextes précis jusqu'aux politiques d'aménagement du territoire généralisées; (2) en introduisant la méthode d'innovation appellée doing--using--interacti ng (DUI); (3) en élargissant la méthode appellée science--technology--innovation (STI); et (4) en accédant à la connaissance dans des réseaux de connaissance distribués. Cet article prône une compréhension plus nuancée de la connaissance, de l'apprentissage et de l'innovation, et identifie des ‘relais’ pour réduire la distance cognitive et augmenter la connectivité des systèmes d'innovation régionaux. Régions d'apprentissage Bases de connaissance Modes d'innovation Economie de la connaissance Apprentissage Mondialisation A sheim B. Die veränderte Rolle der Lernregionen in der sich globalisierenden Wissenswirtschaft: eine theoretische Neuuntersuchung, Regional Studies . In diesem Beitrag wird die Lernregion angesichts der veränderten Rollen der Regionen in der sich globalisierenden Wissenswirtschaft auf theoretische Weise untersucht, wobei vier theoretische Entwicklungen besondere Berücksichtigung finden: (1) von spezifischen Kontexten hin zu Generalstrategien zur Regionalentwicklung, (2) Einführung des Innovationsmodus ‘Handeln--Nutzen--Wechselwirkung’, (3) Erweiterung des Modus ‘Wissenschaft--Technik--Innovation’ und (4) Zugriff auf Wissen in dezentralen Wissensnetzwerken. Im Beitrag wird für ein nuancierteres Verständnis von Wissen, Lernen und Innovation plädiert; ebenso werden ‘Überbrückungsmechanismen’ zur Verringerung der kognitiven Distanz und Erhöhung der Konnektivität in regionalen Innovationssystemen identifiziert. Lernregionen Wissensbasen Modi der Innovation Wissenswirtschaft Entwicklung und Lernen Globalisierung A sheim B. El papel cambiante de las regiones de aprendizaje en la economía del conocimiento mundializada: una revisión teórica, Regional Studies . En este artículo reexaminamos teóricamente la región de aprendizaje a partir de cuatro desarrollos teóricos, teniendo en cuenta los papeles cambiantes de las regiones en la economía del conocimiento mundializada: (1) desde los contextos específicos hasta las estrategias generales de desarrollo regional; (2) la introducción del modo de innovación ‘hacer-usar-interactuar’; (3) la ampliación del modo ‘ciencia, tecnología, innovación’; y (4) acceso al conocimiento en las redes de distribución del conocimiento. En este artículo defendemos una comprensión más matizada del conocimiento, el aprendizaje y la innovación e identificamos los ‘mecanismos de puente’ para reducir la distancia cognitiva y aumentar la conectividad en los sistemas de innovación regional. Regiones de aprendizaje Bases de conocimiento Modos de innovación Economía del conocimiento Aprendizaje de desarrollo Globalización

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 46 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 8 (June)
    Pages: 993-1004

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:8:p:993-1004

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