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Regional Policy and University Knowledge Transfer: Perspectives from Devolved Regions in the UK

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  • Robert Huggins
  • Fumi Kitagawa
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    Abstract

    H uggins R. and K itagawa F. Regional policy and university knowledge transfer: perspectives from devolved regions in the UK, Regional Studies . This paper constitutes a policy analysis of university knowledge transfer-related initiatives in the devolved regions of Scotland and Wales. Both regions are seeking to develop science-based innovation strategies in which universities play a central role. Scotland appears fairly well advanced in this regard, whilst in Wales the establishment of regional networks linking actors has been more problematic. It is concluded that whilst devolution has facilitated significant supply-side intervention, future intervention will require a stimulus in the demand for university knowledge. Furthermore, policies will be required to pay more attention to the global environment within which knowledge flows. H uggins R. and K itagawa F. 区域政策与大学的ݾ 5;识转移:以英国权力 下放地区为视角,区&# x57DF;研究。本文针对苏 83C;兰和威尔士地区大ֶ 6;知识转移的相关动机 进行了政策分析。大&# x5B66;在上述两地区试图 3D1;展以科学为基础的ԡ B;新策略中发挥了核心 作用。苏格兰在此方&# x9762;发展较为突出,而 A01;尔士地区在以建立ׄ 0;域网络联系不同的行 为者方面似乎存在问&# x9898;。文章认为,下放 63E;著地促进了供给方ॶ 2;的介入,进一步的介 入将要求在对大学知&# x8BC6;需求方面提供更多 684;促进机制。更进一ڶ 5;地,政策需要更多地 关注知识流的全球环&# x5883;。 权力下放 知识转移&# x2003;知识商业化 大学 003;苏格兰 威尔士 H uggins R. et K itagawa F. La politique régionale et le transfert de la connaissance universitaire: des perspectives auprès des régions décentralisées au R-U, Regional Studies . Cet article constitue une analyse de la politique sur les actions liées au transfert de la connaissance universitaire dans les régions décentralisées en Ecosse et au pays de Galles. Les deux régions cherchent à développer des stratégies en faveur de l'innovation basées sur les sciences, où les universités jouent un rôle central. A cet égard, il semble que l'Ecosse est relativement avancée, tandis qu'il s'est avéré plus problématique au pays de Galles d'établir des réseaux régionaux qui relient les acteurs. On conclut que l'intervention future nécessitera une impulsion à la demande de connaissance universitaire, alors que la décentralisation a facilité une importante intervention par l'offre. En outre, il faut des politiques qui prêtent une attention particulière au milieu mondial au sein duquel circule la connaissance. Décentralisation Transfert de la connaissance Commercialisation de la connaissance Universités Ecosse Pays de Galles H uggins R. und K itagawa F. Regionalpolitik und Wissenstransfer von Universitäten: Perspektiven aus den dezentralisierten Regionen in Großbritannien, Regional Studies . Dieser Beitrag enthält eine politische Analyse der Initiativen im Zusammenhang mit dem Wissenstransfer von Universitäten in den dezentralisierten Regionen von Schottland und Wales. Beide Regionen bemühen sich um die Entwicklung von wissenschaftsbasierten Innovationstrategien, in denen die Universitäten eine zentrale Rolle spielen. Schottland scheint in dieser Hinsicht recht gute Fortschritte erzielt zu haben, während sich in Wales die Einrichtung von regionalen Netzwerken zur Verknüpfung der Akteure als problematischer erwiesen hat. Wir ziehen den Schluss, dass die Dezentralisierung zwar eine signifikante Intervention auf der Angebotsseite ermöglicht hat, aber für weitere Interventionen die Nachfrage nach universitärem Wissen angeregt werden muss. Darüber hinaus sind Politiken erforderlich, die stärker auf die globale Umgebung achten, in der das Wissen fließt. Dezentralisierung Wissensübertragung Kommerzialisierung von Wissen Universitäten Schottland Wales H uggins R. y K itagawa F. Política regional y transferencia de conocimientos universitarios: perspectivas de las regiones con competencias transferidas en el Reino Unido, Regional Studies . Este artículo contiene un análisis de las políticas sobre las iniciativas relacionadas con la transmisión de conocimientos universitarios en las regiones con las competencias transferidas de Escocia y Gales. Ambas regiones tratan de desarrollar estrategias de innovación con bases científicas en las que las universidades desempeñan un papel fundamental. Escocia parece estar bastante bien avanzada a este respecto, mientras que en Gales ha resultado más complicado crear redes regionales en las que participen los interesados. Concluimos que si bien la transferencia de competencias ha facilitado en gran medida las intervenciones en lo que respecta a la oferta, para las futuras intervenciones se necesitará estimular la demanda de conocimiento universitario. Asimismo, en las políticas se deberá prestar más atención al entorno global en el que se mueven los flujos de conocimiento. Transferencia de competencias Transferencia del conocimiento Comercialización de conocimientos Universidades Escocia Gales

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 46 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 6 (January)
    Pages: 817-832

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:6:p:817-832

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    Cited by:
    1. Acosta,Manuel & Azagra-Caro,Joaquín M. & Coronado,Daniel, 2014. "Access to universities’ public knowledge: Who’s more regionalist?," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201405, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), revised 16 May 2014.

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