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Contribution of Rural Banks to Regional Economic Development: Evidence from the Philippines

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  • Céline Meslier-Crouzille
  • Emmanuelle Nys
  • Alain Sauviat

Abstract

M eslier -C rouzille C., N ys E. and S auviat A. Contribution of rural banks to regional economic development: evidence from the Philippines, Regional Studies . The paper examines the link between banking and economic development in the Philippine regions and it focuses on the role of rural banks using a co-integration panel data analysis (1993--2005). No clear-cut evidence is found of a positive influence of banking development measured by traditional indicators built at the regional level for the whole banking industry. However, a consistent positive effect of rural banks is found in the intermediate and less-developed regions, with a stronger effect for the former, suggesting a threshold effect. Estimations on rolling subsamples confirm the differentiated impact of rural banks depending on the stage of regional development. M eslier -C rouzille C., N ys E. et S auviat A. La contribution des banques rurales à l'aménagement du territoire, Regional Studies . Cet article cherche à examiner le rapport entre le secteur bancaire et l'aménagement du territoire dans les régions aux Philippines et, à partir d'une analyse cointégrée par enquête à échantillon constant (de 1993 à 2005), à focaliser le rôle des banques rurales. Il ne s'avère aucune preuve incontestable de l'influence positive du développement du secteur bancaire, mesuré en termes des indicateurs classiques établis au niveau régional pour tout le secteur bancaire. Cependant, il s'avère un effet positif constant des banques rurales dans les régions intermédiaires ou moins développées, dont l'impact est plus fort dans celles-là, ce qui laisse supposer un effet de seuil. Des estimations des sous-échantillons continus confirment les impacts différenciés des banques rurales en fonction de la phase de l'aménagement du territoire en cours. Développement bancaire Aménagement du territoire Structure bancaire Enquête cointégrée Banques rurales M eslier -C rouzille C., N ys E. und S auviat A. Der Beitrag von Banken in ländlichen Gebieten zur regionalen Wirtschaftsentwicklung: Belege aus den Philippinen, Regional Studies . In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir den Zusammenhang zwischen der Entwicklung des Bankwesens und der Wirtschaft in den Regionen der Philippinen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Rolle von Banken in ländlichen Gebieten. Hierfür kommt eine Analyse von kointegrierten Paneldaten (1993--2005) zum Einsatz. Bei einer Messung mit traditionellen Indikatoren, die auf regionaler Ebene für die gesamte Bankbranche entwickelt wurden, liegen keine klaren Belege für einen positiven Einfluss der Entwicklung des Bankwesens vor. Allerdings findet sich in den intermediären und weniger entwickelten Regionen ein konsistent positiver Effekt der Banken in ländlichen Gebieten, wobei der Effekt in den intermediären Regionen stärker ausfällt, was auf eine Schwellenwirkung schließen lässt. Die differenzierte Auswirkung der Banken in ländlichen Gebieten je nach dem Stadium der regionalen Entwicklung wird durch wiederholte Querschnittsschätzungen bestätigt. Entwicklung des Bankwesens Regionale Wirtschaftsentwicklung Struktur des Bankwesens Panel-Kointegration Banken in ländlichen Gebieten M eslier -C rouzille C., N ys E. y S auviat A. Contribución de los bancos rurales en el desarrollo económico regional: evidencia de las Filipinas, Regional Studies . Mediante un análisis de datos de panel cointegrados (1993--2005), en este artículo analizamos el vínculo entre el desarrollo bancario y el desarrollo económico en las regiones de las Filipinas centrándonos en el papel de los bancos rurales. Tras una medición con indicadores tradicionales que se han desarrollado a nivel regional para todo el sector bancario, no hemos hallado pruebas claras de que el desarrollo bancario ejerza una influencia positiva. Sin embargo, observamos un efecto positivo constante de los bancos rurales en las regiones con desarrollo intermedio y bajo, si bien el efecto es más fuerte en las regiones intermedias, lo que indica un efecto umbral. Las estimaciones en las submuestras continuas confirman el impacto diferenciado de los bancos rurales según la fase del desarrollo regional. Desarrollo bancario Desarrollo económico regional Estructura bancaria Cointegración de panel Bancos rurales

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 46 (2012)
Issue (Month): 6 (June)
Pages: 775-791

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:6:p:775-791

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Cited by:
  1. Laurent Augier & Wahyoe Soedarmono, 2011. "Threshold Effect and Financial Intermediation in Economic Development," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 31(1), pages 342-357.
  2. Jessica Los Banos & Céline Meslier-Crouzille & Emmanuelle Nys & Alain Sauviat, 2011. "Banking industry structure and economics activities: A regional approach for the Philippines," Post-Print hal-00785483, HAL.

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