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Individual Earnings and Educational Externalities in the European Union

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  • Andrés Rodríguez-Pose
  • Vassilis Tselios

Abstract

R odríguez- Pose A. and T selios V. Individual earnings and educational externalities in the European Union, Regional Studies . This paper examines whether differences in educational externalities affect individual earnings across regions in the European Union. Using microeconomic data from the European Community Household Panel, it resorts to spatial economic analysis in order to determine to what extent differences in individual earnings are the result of (1) the educational attainment of the individual, (2) the educational attainment of the other members of the household in which he/she lives, (3) the educational endowment of the region where the individual lives, or (4) the educational endowment of the neighbouring regions. The results highlight that, in addition to the expected positive returns of personal educational attainment, place-based regional and supra-regional educational externalities generate significant pecuniary benefits for workers. These findings are robust to the inclusion of different individual, household, and regional control variables. R odríguez- Pose A. et T selios V. Les gains individuels et les effets externes de l'éducation dans l'Union européenne, Regional Studies . Cet article cherche à examiner si, oui ou non, les différents effets externes de l'éducation influent sur les gains individuels à travers les régions de l'Union européenne. Employant des données microéconomiques provenant du European Community Household Panel (échantillon permanent des foyers de l'Union européenne), on a recours à une analyse économique spatiale afin de déterminer jusqu'à quel point les écarts des revenus individuels s'expliquent par (1) la réussite scolaire de l'individu, (2) par la réussite scolaire des autres membres du foyer, (3) par la dotation en équipement scolaire de la région où habite l'individu, ou bien (4) par la dotation en équipement scolaire des régions voisines. En plus des rendements positifs prévus de la réussite scolaire de l'individu, les résultats soulignent les avantages pécuniaires non-négligeables pour les travailleurs des effets externes régionaux et suprarégionaux de l'éducation qui sont basés sur l'endroit. Ces résultats s'avèrent robustes quand on inclut des variables de contrôle différentes pour l'individu, le foyer et la région. Gains individuels Réussite scolaire Effets externes Foyers Régions Europe R odríguez- Pose A. und T selios V. Individuelles Einkommen und Bildungsexternalitäten in der Europäischen Union, Regional Studies . In diesem Beitrag wird untersucht, ob sich die Unterschiede bei den Bildungsexternalitäten auf das individuelle Einkommen in verschiedenen Regionen der Europäischen Union auswirken. Ausgehend von mikroökonomischen Daten des Haushaltspanels der Europäischen Gemeinschaft wird eine räumliche Wirtschaftsanalyse durchgeführt, um festzustellen, in welchem Umfang die Unterschiede bei den individuellen Einkommen auf (1) den Bildungsgrad der Person, (2) den Bildungsgrad der anderen Mitglieder des Haushalts dieser Person, (3) den Bildungsstand der Region, in der die Person lebt, oder (4) den Bildungsstand der angrenzenden Regionen zurückzuführen sind. Aus den Ergebnissen geht hervor, dass zusätzlich zu den erwarteten positiven Ergebnissen des persönlichen Bildungsgrades auch die ortsgebundenen regionalen und supraregionalen Bildungsexternalitäten für die Arbeitnehmer mit signifikanten finanziellen Vorteilen verbunden sind. Diese Ergebnisse bleiben auch bei Berücksichtigung verschiedener individueller, Haushalts- und regionaler Kontrollvariablen robust. Individuelles Einkommen Bildungsgrad Externalitäten Haushalte& #x2003;Regionen Europa R odríguez- Pose A. y T selios V. Ingresos individuales y externalidades educativas en la Unión Europea, Regional Studies . En este artículo se examina si las diferencias de las externalidades educativas entre las regiones de la UE influyen sobre los ingresos económicos de los individuos. Mediante un análisis económico de carácter espacial y utilizando datos microeconómicos provenientes de la Encuesta Europea de Familias se intenta determinar si las diferencias de los ingresos entre individuos en distintas regiones de la UE son el resultado de (1) el nivel educativo de cada individuo, (2) el nivel educativo de los demás miembros de la unidad familiar, (3) el nivel educativo de la región en la que se vive o (4) el nivel educativo de las áreas vecinas. Los resultados demuestran que, además de los rendimientos positivos ligados al nivel personal de formación, las externalidades geográficas de carácter regional y supra-regional generan importantes beneficios pecuniarios para los trabajadores. Estos resultados son sólidos para la inclusión de distintas variables de control de tipo individual, familiar y regional. Ingresos individuales Nivel de formación Externalidades Unidades familiares Regiones Europa

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 46 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
Pages: 39-57

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:1:p:39-57

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Cited by:
  1. Andrés Rodríguez-Pose & Tobias Ketterer, 2011. "Do we follow the money? The drivers of migration across regions in the EU," ERSA conference papers ersa11p191, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés & Tselios, Vassilis, 2011. "Welfare regimes and the incentives to work and get educated," CEPR Discussion Papers 8187, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Backman, Mikaela & Kohlhase, Janet, 2013. "The Influence of Diversity on the Formation, Survival and Growth of New Firms," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 337, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  4. Andrés Rodríguez-Pose & Tobias D. Ketterer, 2012. "Do local amenities affect the appeal of regions in Europe for migrants?," Working Papers 2012-04, Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados (IMDEA) Ciencias Sociales.

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