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Regional Planning in the Land Reform Literature: A Gap to be Bridged

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  • Saulo Souza
  • Elisabete Silva
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    Abstract

    Souza S. S. and Silva E. A. Regional planning in the land-reform literature: a gap to be bridged, Regional Studies. This paper reviews recent research efforts in the area of land reform in the developing world, and evaluates comparatively different planning approaches per country. The historical antecedents, socio-economic circumstances, legal framework, and different degrees of governmental intervention influencing access to land in the countryside are covered. A snapshot of the empirical findings in a group of developing countries highlights the need to adopt systematically regional planning strategies that are able to maximize the positive socio-economic impacts of the schemes. It is also concluded that a combination of market and non-market approaches to land reform could be beneficial for developmental purposes. [image omitted] Souza S. S. et Silva E. A. La planification regionale dans la documentation sur la reforme agraire: une breche a colmater, Regional Studies. Cet article fait la critique de la recherche recente dans le domaine de la reforme agraire aux pays en voie de developpement, et evalue leurs facons d'aborder la planification, qui sont relativement differentes suivant le pays. On considere les antecedents historiques, les circonstances socio-economiques, le cadre juridique, et le degre d'intervention du gouvernement qui influent sur l'acces aux terres a la campagne. Un apercu des resultats empiriques provenant d'un groupe de pays en voie de developpement souligne le besoin d'adopter systematiquement des strategies de planification regionale qui pourraient utiliser a leur maximum les retombees socio-economiques positives des projets. On conclut aussi qu'une conjonction des facons marchandes et non-marchandes d'aborder la question de la reforme agraire s'avererait favorable au developpement. Reforme agraire Planification Amenagement du territoire Pays en voie de developpement Souza S. S. und Silva E. A. Regionalplanung in der Literatur der Landreform: eine Lucke zum Schliessen, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir die aktuelle Forschungsarbeit im Bereich der Landreform in Entwicklungslandern und nehmen eine vergleichende Bewertung der Planungsansatze in den verschiedenen Landern vor. Untersucht werden die Vorgeschichte, die soziookonomischen Umstande, der gesetzliche Rahmen sowie verschiedene Stufen staatlicher Intervention, die sich auf die Verfugbarkeit von Land in landlichen Gebieten auswirken. Mit Hilfe einer Momentaufnahme der empirischen Ergebnisse in einer Gruppe von Entwicklungslandern verdeutlichen wir die Notwendigkeit einer systematischen Anpassung von regionalen Planungsstrategien, mit denen sich die positiven soziookonomischen Auswirkungen der Massnahmen maximieren lassen. Ebenso ziehen wir den Schluss, dass sich eine Kombination aus marktorientierten und anderen Ansatzen bei der Landreform fur Entwicklungszwecke als nutzlich erweisen konnte. Landreform Planung Regionalentwicklung Entwicklungslander Souza S. S. y Silva E. A. Planificacion regional en la literatura sobre reforma agraria: tender un puente, Regional Studies. En este articulo analizamos los recientes esfuerzos de investigacion en el campo de la reforma agraria en el mundo en desarrollo y evaluamos diferentes enfoques de planificacion comparandolos por pais. Estudiamos los antecedentes historicos, circunstancias socioeconomicas, estructura legal y diferentes grados de intervencion gubernamental que influyen en el acceso a la tierra en zonas rurales. Una instantanea de los resultados empiricos en un grupo de paises en desarrollo pone de relieve que es necesario adoptar sistematicamente estrategias de planificacion regional que sean capaces de maximizar los impactos socioeconomicos positivos de los esquemas. Concluimos tambien que una combinacion de enfoques mercantiles y no mercantiles hacia la reforma agraria podria ser beneficioso desde el punto de vista del desarrollo. Reforma agraria Planificacion Desarrollo regional Paises en desarrollo

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 45 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 6 ()
    Pages: 857-868

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:6:p:857-868

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    Keywords: Land reform; Planning; Regional development; Developing countries;

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