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Urban-Rural Income Disparity and Urbanization: What Is the Role of Spatial Distribution of Ethnic Groups? A Case Study of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in Western China

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  • Huhua Cao
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    Abstract

    Cao H. Urban-rural income disparity and urbanization: what is the role of spatial distribution of ethnic groups? A case study of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in Western China, Regional Studies. Since economic reforms in 1978, China's economic growth and urbanization has occurred alongside dramatic increases in regional inequality, and a corollary threat to sustainable development and social cohesion. Using the case study of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in Western China, this research clearly demonstrates that the spatial distribution of ethnic minorities reflects not only their spatial segregation, but also the degree of their socio-economic exclusion from the majority. As the income gap between the minority and majority population increases, the inclusion of minorities in the country's economic reforms is becoming increasingly critical for the future development of China. [image omitted] Cao H. Urbains L'ecart des revenus urbains-ruraux: quel role la distribution geographique des groupes ethniques joue-t-elle? Etude de cas de la region autonome de Xinjiang Uyghur dans l'ouest de la Chine, Regional Studies. Depuis les reformes economiques de 1978, la croissance economique et l'urbanisation de la Chine sont allees de pair avec un creusement des inegalites regionales et une menace corollaire pour le developpement durable et pour la cohesion sociale. A partir d'une etude de cas de la region autonome de Xinjiang Uyghur, la recherche montre bien que la distribution geographique des minorites ethniques reflete non seulement leur segregation geographique, mais aussi l'importance de leur exclusion socio-economique de la majorite. Au fur et a mesure que l'ecart se creuse, l'inclusion des minorites dans les reformes economiques du pays devient de plus en plus critique pour ce qui est du developpement futur de la Chine. Ecart des revenus urbano-ruraux Urbanisation Distribution geographique Groupes ethniques Xinjiang Ouest de la Chine Cao H. Einkommensdisparitat zwischen Stadt und Land und Urbanisierung: Welche Rolle spielt die raumliche Verteilung ethnischer Gruppen? Eine Fallstudie in der autonomen Region Xinjiang Uyghur in Westchina, Regional Studies. Seit den Wirtschaftsreformen von 1978 wurden das Wirtschaftswachstum und die Urbanisierung in China von dramatischen Steigerungen der regionalen Ungleichheit und einer daraus folgenden Bedrohung der nachhaltigen Entwicklung und gesellschaftlichen Kohasion begleitet. Anhand einer Fallstudie in der autonomen Region Xinjiang Uyghur weisen wir mit unserer Studie eindeutig nach, dass sich in der raumlichen Verteilung ethnischer Minderheiten nicht nur deren raumliche Segregation widerspiegelt, sondern auch das Ausmass ihrer soziookonomischen Abgrenzung von der Mehrheit. Mit einem steigenden Einkommensgefalle zwischen der Bevolkerungsminderheit und -mehrheit wird auch die Integration von Minderheiten in die Wirtschaftsreformen des Landes zunehmend wichtig fur die kunftige Entwicklung Chinas. Einkommensdisparitat zwischen Stadt und Land Urbanisierung Raumliche Verteilung Ethnische Gruppen Xinjiang Westchina Cao H. Desigualdades de ingresos urbanos-rurales y urbanizacion: �Cual es el papel de la distribucion espacial de los grupos etnicos? Un estudio de caso de la region autonoma de Xinjiang Uyghur en China occidental, Regional Studies. Desde las reformas economicas de 1978, el crecimiento economico y la urbanizacion de China han estado acompanados de aumentos considerables de las desigualdades regionales, y como corolario una amenaza al desarrollo sostenible y la cohesion social. Con ayuda de un estudio de caso de la region autonoma de Xinjiang Uyghur, en nuestra investigacion demostramos claramente que la distribucion espacial de las minorias etnicas son un reflejo no solo de su segregacion espacial sino tambien del grado de su exclusion socioeconomico de la mayoria. Segun aumenta la diferencia de ingresos entre la minoria y la mayoria de la poblacion, la inclusion de minorias en las reformas economicas del pais es cada vez mas importante para el futuro desarrollo de China. Desigualdad de ingresos urbanos-rurales Urbanizacion Distribucion espacial Grupos etnicos Xinjiang China occidental

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 44 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 8 ()
    Pages: 965-982

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:44:y:2010:i:8:p:965-982

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    Keywords: Urban-rural income disparity; Urbanization; Spatial distribution; Ethnic groups; Xinjiang; Western China;

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