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The Regional Impact of Trade Liberalization in a Model with Congestion Costs a la Helpman

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Author Info

  • Pedro Moncarz
  • Michael Bleaney

Abstract

Moncarz P. E. and Bleaney M. The regional impact of trade liberalization in a model with congestion costs a la Helpman, Regional Studies. The effects of the liberalization of international trade are analysed in a New Economic Geography model of a country with an asymmetrical distribution of housing between regions. Labour is mobile between regions, but not between countries. Trade liberalization tends to reduce inequalities in the distribution of the population between the two regions, although the population is more unequally distributed than housing. Results are similar when there is a bias in preferences towards home-produced varieties of manufactures. If consumers care relatively little about housing and transport costs are high enough, an agglomerated equilibrium becomes stable. [image omitted] Moncarz P. E. et Bleaney M. Une analyse de l'impact regional de la liberalisation des echanges a partir d'un modele comportant des couts d'encombrement a la Helpman, Regional Studies. A partir d'un modele du type Nouvelle Geographie Economique d'un pays a une distribution interregionale du logement asymetrique, on analyse l'impact de la liberalisation des echanges. La main-d'oeuvre est mobile sur le plan interregional mais ne l'est pas au niveau international. La liberalisation des echanges a tendance a reduire les inegalites de la distribution de la population entre deux regions, bien que la population soit distribuee de maniere plus inegale que ne le soit le logement. Les resultats s'averent similaires quand il y a une tendance en faveur des fabrications locales. Si les consommateurs s'interessent relativement peu au logement et que les frais de transport soient suffisamment eleves, un equilibre agglomere devient stable. Liberalisation des echanges Agglomeration Frais de logement Moncarz P. E. und Bleaney M. Die regionale Auswirkung einer Handelsliberalisierung in einem Modell mit Verkehrsmittelnutzungskosten a la Helpman, Regional Studies. Anhand eines Modells der neuen Wirtschaftsgeografie analysieren wir in einem Land mit innerhalb der Regionen asymmetrisch verteiltem Wohnungsangebot die Auswirkungen der Liberalisierung des internationalen Handels. Arbeitskrafte sind auf interregionaler, nicht jedoch auf internationaler Ebene mobil. Eine Liberalisierung des Handels baut tendenziell Ungleichgewichte bei der Verteilung der Bevolkerung auf zwei Regionen ab, wobei allerdings die Bevolkerung ungleichmassiger verteilt ist als das Wohnungsangebot. Die Ergebnisse fallen ahnlich aus, wenn die Praferenz einseitig zugunsten einheimisch produzierter Arten von Erzeugnissen tendiert. Wenn die Verbraucher auf das Wohnungsangebot relativ wenig Wert legen und die Verkehrsmittelnutzungskosten hoch genug liegen, erhalt ein agglomeriertes Gleichgewicht Stabilitat. Handelsliberalisierung Agglomeration Wohnungskosten Moncarz P. E. y Bleaney M. Impactos regionales de la liberalizacion comercial en un modelo con costos de congestion a la Helpman, Regional Studies. Los efectos de la liberalizacion comercial son analizados usando un modelo de la Nueva Geografia Economica, suponiendo una economia con una distribucion asimetrica entre regiones del stock de vivienda. El factor trabajo es movil entre regiones pero no entre paises. La liberalizacion comercial tiende a reducir la desigualdad en la distribucion de la poblacion entre las regiones, aunque esta se distribuye de forma mas desigual que el stock de vivienda. Resultados similares emergen cuando se permite la presencia de un sesgo en las preferencias por los bienes producidos domesticamente. Si los consumidores no se preocupan lo suficiente por el consumo de servicios de vivienda, y los costos de transporte son elevados, un equilibrio con la poblacion concentrandose en una sola region se vuelve estable. Liberalizacion comercial Aglomeracion y costos de vivienda

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 44 (2010)
Issue (Month): 8 ()
Pages: 935-947

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:44:y:2010:i:8:p:935-947

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Keywords: Trade liberalization; Agglomeration; Housing costs;

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