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Equilibrium Regional Disparities: Theory and British Evidence

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Author Info

  • Patricia Rice
  • Anthony Venables

Abstract

R ICE P. and V ENABLES A. J. (2003) Equilibrium regional disparities: theory and British evidence, Reg. Studies 37 , 675-686. Regional inequalities in many countries, including the UK, are large and persistent. They show up in a number of economic variables, most of them endogenous, making it difficult for the researcher to identify the underlying causes of the disparities. This paper uses sub-regional data for Great Britain to identify spatial patterns of disparities. It then compares these patterns with those predicted by a theoretical model under a number of alternative hypotheses about the underlying cause of the disparities. The approach lays the groundwork for theory based econometric modelling of the causes of regional inequalities. R ICE P. et V ENABLES A. J. (2003) Desequilibres regionaux: la theorie et les preuves britanniques, Reg. Studies 37 , 675-686. Dans beaucoup de pays, y compris la Grande-Bretagne, les inegalites sont importantes et persistantes. Elles se manifestent a partir de nombreuses variables economiques, dont la plupart sont endogenes, ce qui le rend difficile pour le chercheur d'identifier les causes sous-jacentes des inegalites. Cet article se sert des donnees infraregionales pour la Grande-Bretagne afin d'identifier la distribution geographique des inegalites. Puis on cherche a comparer ces distributions a celles qui sont prevues par un mode le theorique sous quelques hypotheses alternatifs sur les causes sous- jacentes des inegalites. Cette facon fait le travail pre paratoire pour une modelisation econometrique des causes des inegalites regionales basee sur des the ories. R ICE P. und V ENABLES A. J. (2003) Gleichgewicht und regionale Ungleichheiten. Theorie und Beweise aus Grossbritannien, Reg. Studies 37 , 675-686. In vielen Landern, einschliesslich des UK, gibt es grosse und anhaltende regionale Ungleichheiten. Sie treten in Form zahlreicher wirtschaftlicher Veranderlicher auf, die meisten endogen; das erschwert es dem Forscher, herauszufinden, was den Ungleichheiten zugrunde liegt. Dieser Aufsatz stutzt sich auf Daten von Teilregionen Grossbritannier's, um raumliche Muster von Ungleichheiten herauszustellen. Anschliessend werden diese Muster mit jenen verglichen, die ein theoretisches Modell von einer Anzahl alternativer Hypothesen uber die zugrunde liegenden Ursachen der Ungleichheiten vorausgesagt hatte. Der Ansatz legt den Grundstein fur auf Theorie gestutzte okonometrische Modelle der Ursachen regionaler Ungleichheiten.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 37 (2003)
Issue (Month): 6-7 ()
Pages: 675-686

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:37:y:2003:i:6-7:p:675-686

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Related research

Keywords: Regional Inequalities; Economic Geography; Uk Regions;

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