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Immigration and the dependency ratio of a host population

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  • Zheng Wu
  • Nan Li
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    Abstract

    This paper examines the long-term impact of constant immigration on the dependency ratio in an SI population (a stationary population through constant immigration) in the context of the stable population model. Our analysis has three main findings. First, in SI populations, a younger population (a lower aging ratio) does not necessarily have a lower dependency ratio. An SI population has a lower dependency ratio than a closed stationary population, provided immigration is concentrated around the youngest working age in the host population. Second, under the same condition, selecting high-fertility immigrants increases the dependency ratio. Third, also under the same condition, substituting working-age immigrants with young (dependent) immigrants increases the dependency ratio. Using the United Nations model age structures of immigrants, our empirical illustration confirms these analytical results.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Mathematical Population Studies.

    Volume (Year): 10 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 21-39

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:mpopst:v:10:y:2003:i:1:p:21-39

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    Cited by:
    1. Cygan-Rehm, Kamila, 2013. "Do immigrants follow their home country's fertility norms?," IWQW Discussion Paper Series, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institut für Wirtschaftspolitik und Quantitative Wirtschaftsforschung (IWQW) 04/2013, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institut für Wirtschaftspolitik und Quantitative Wirtschaftsforschung (IWQW).
    2. Frank T. Denton & Byron G. Spencer, 2005. "Population Aging and the Macroeconomy: Explorations in the Use of Immigration as an Instrument of Control," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers, McMaster University 135, McMaster University.
    3. Carl Schmertmann, 2012. "Stationary populations with below-replacement fertility," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 26(14), pages 319-330, April.

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