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Stationary populations with below-replacement fertility

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Author Info

  • Carl Schmertmann

    (Florida State University)

Abstract

With constant immigration flows, there are an uncountably infinite number of stationary populations for any below-replacement fertility schedule f and life table l. Each corresponds to a different pattern of age-specific annual immigrant inflows. This brief paper derives a general formula for the age structure of these populations, provides numerical examples using contemporary Austrian demographic data, and illustrates an application of the main relationship to the study of stationary dependency ratios.

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File URL: http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol26/14/26-14.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its journal Demographic Research.

Volume (Year): 26 (2012)
Issue (Month): 14 (April)
Pages: 319-330

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Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:26:y:2012:i:14

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Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/

Related research

Keywords: Austria; below replacement fertility; dependency ratios; formal demography; immigration; stationary population;

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References

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  1. S. Mitra, 1990. "Immigration, below-replacement fertility, and long-term national population trends," Demography, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 121-129, February.
  2. Thomas Espenshade & Leon Bouvier & W. Arthur, 1982. "Immigration and the stable population model," Demography, Springer, vol. 19(1), pages 125-133, February.
  3. Zheng Wu & Nan Li, 2003. "Immigration and the dependency ratio of a host population," Mathematical Population Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(1), pages 21-39.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Frank T. Denton & Byron G. Spencer, 2005. "Population Aging and the Macroeconomy: Explorations in the Use of Immigration as an Instrument of Control," Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population Research Reports 398, McMaster University.
  2. Robin Banerjee & William B.P. Robson, 2009. "Faster, Younger, Richer? The Fond Hope and Sobering Reality of Immigration's Impact on Canada's Demographic and Economic Future," C.D. Howe Institute Commentary, C.D. Howe Institute, issue 291, July.
  3. Juha Alho, 2008. "Migration, fertility, and aging in stable populations," Demography, Springer, vol. 45(3), pages 641-650, August.

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