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Globalization and Home-Based Workers

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  • Marilyn Carr
  • Martha Alter Chen
  • Jane Tate
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    Abstract

    Globalization presents threats to and opportunities for women working in the informal sector. The paper, which draws on the work of Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO) Global Markets Program and of HomeNet, focuses on women home-based workers and analyzes, within the framework of global value-chains, the impact of globalization on labor relations and other market transactions. The chains reviewed are: manufactured goods (fashion garments); agricultural products (nontraditional exports); and nontimber forest products (shea butter). The paper shows how this form of analysis helps to identify the uneven distribution of power and returns within the chains - between rich and poor and between women and men. It concludes by emphasizing the importance of the work of the Self-Employed Women's Association (SEWA), HomeNet, and StreetNet in organizing home-based workers, both locally and internationally, as well as that of WIEGO in supporting them.

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    File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/135457000750020164
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Feminist Economics.

    Volume (Year): 6 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 123-142

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:femeco:v:6:y:2000:i:3:p:123-142

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    Related research

    Keywords: Globalization; Global Value-CHAINS; Home-BASED Workers; Homeworkers; Informal Sector Economy; Market Transactions; Labor Standards;

    References

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    1. Sabel, Charles & O'Rourke, Dara & Fung, Archon, 2000. "Ratcheting labor standards : regulation for continuous improvement in the global workplace," Social Protection Discussion Papers 23071, The World Bank.
    2. Chen, Martha & Sebstad, Jennefer & O'Connell, Lesley, 1999. "Counting the Invisible Workforce: The Case of Homebased Workers," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 603-610, March.
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    Cited by:
    1. Cunningham, Wendy V. & Gomez, Carlos Ramos, 2004. "The home as factory floor : employment and remuneration of home-based workers," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3295, The World Bank.
    2. Robert Pollin & James Heintz, 2003. "Informalization, Economic Growth and the Challenge of Creating Viable Labor Standards in Developing Countries," Working Papers wp60, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
    3. Floro, Maria & Beneria, Lourdes, 2004. "Labor Market Informalization and Social Policy: Distributional Links and the Case of Homebased Workers," Vassar College Department of Economics Working Paper Series 60, Vassar College Department of Economics.

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