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Innovation Activities Explained By Firm Attributes And Location

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  • Borje Johansson
  • Hans Loof

Abstract

In this paper, innovation activities of a firm are observed as its R&D spending and participation in three categories of innovation systems. The various factors that can influence a firm's innovation efforts are divided into, (i) firm location reflecting the regional milieu and (ii) firm attributes such as corporate structure, nature of the knowledge production, type of industry and a set of specific firm characteristics. The study is based on information about 2094 individual firms, which may be non-affiliated or belong to a group (multi-firm enterprise). The empirical analysis applies a novel data set to examine the influence of location versus a vector of firm attributes. Among innovative firms, the location of a firm does not influence neither the R&D intensity nor the frequency of interaction in horizontal and vertical innovation systems, when controlling the skill composition, physical capital intensity, industry, firm size and market extension. The paper contributes to the literature by observing that innovative firms have similar characteristics irrespective of where they are located, although the share of innovative firms differs between regions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Economics of Innovation and New Technology.

Volume (Year): 17 (2008)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 533-552

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Handle: RePEc:taf:ecinnt:v:17:y:2008:i:6:p:533-552

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Keywords: Functional regions; Innovation systems; Corporate structure; R&D;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Martin Andersson & Hans Lˆˆf, 2009. "Learning-by-Exporting Revisited: The Role of Intensity and Persistence," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 111(4), pages 893-916, December.
  2. Albahari, Alberto & Barge-Gil, Andrés & Pérez-Canto, Salvador & Modrego-Rico, Aurelia, 2013. "The Influence of Science and Technology Park Characteristics on Firms’ Innovation Results," MPRA Paper 48829, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Gary Cook & Naresh Pandit & Hans Loof & Bˆrje Johansson, 2011. "The Influence of Clustering on MNE Location and Innovation in Great Britain," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa10p1489, European Regional Science Association.
  4. Johansson, Börje & Johansson, Sara & Wallin, Tina, 2013. "Internal and External Knowledge – Innovation of Export Varieties," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies 297, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  5. Karlsson, Charlie & Johansson, Börje, 2006. "Regional Development and Knowledge," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies 76, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  6. Tavassoli, Sam, 2013. "Innovation Determinants over Industry Life Cycle," CIRCLE Electronic Working Papers, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy 2013/42, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
  7. Broström, Anders, 2009. "Working with Distant Researchers - distance and content in university-industry interaction," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies 173, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  8. Carlos Carreira & Luís Peres Lopes, 2012. "Are Small Firms More Dependent on the Local Environment than Larger Firms? Evidence from Portuguese Manufacturing Firms," GEMF Working Papers, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra 2012-21, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.
  9. Hans Lööf, 2011. "R&D-Persistency, Metropolitan Externalities and Productivity," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa11p1396, European Regional Science Association.
  10. Gehl Sampath, Padmashree, 2006. "Indian Pharma Within Global Reach?," MERIT Working Papers, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) 031, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  11. DAUTEL Vincent & WALTHER Olivier, 2011. "The geography of innovation in the Luxembourg metropolitan region: an intra-regional approach," CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series, CEPS/INSTEAD 2011-38, CEPS/INSTEAD.
  12. Martin Andersson & Hans Lööf, 2012. "Small business innovation: firm level evidence from Sweden," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 37(5), pages 732-754, October.
  13. Martin Andersson & Hans Lööf, 2011. "Agglomeration and productivity: evidence from firm-level data," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 46(3), pages 601-620, June.
  14. Lööf, Hans, 2007. "Multinational Firms and Innovation: The Role of R&D Collaboration, Markets and Ownership," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies 90, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  15. Andreas Stephan, 2011. "Locational conditions and firm performance: introduction to the special issue," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 46(3), pages 487-494, June.
  16. Vásquez Urriago, Ángela Rocio & Barge-Gil, Andrés & Modrego Rico, Aurelia & Paraskevopoulou, Evita, 2011. "The impact of science and technology parks on firms´ product innovation: empirical evidence from Spain," MPRA Paper 30555, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  17. Johansson, Börje & Lööf, Hans, 2008. "The Impact of Firm’s R&D Strategy on Profit and Productivity," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies 156, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.

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