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How does Accessibility to Knowledge Sources affect the Innovativeness of Corporations? - Evidence from Sweden

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  • Andersson, Martin

    ()
    (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)

  • Ejermo, Olof

    ()
    (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)

Abstract

The paper studies innovative performance of 130 Swedish corporations for 1993-94, using number of patents per corporation as a function of internal and external knowledge sources to the corporation. A coherent way of handling accessibility measures, within and between corporations located across regions is introduced. We examine the relative importance of intra- and interregional knowledge sources from (i) the own corporation, (ii) other corporations, and (iii) universities. The results show that there is a positive relationship between the innovativeness of a corporation and its accessibility to university researchers within regions where they have research. Having good accessibility between the corporation’s research units does not have any significant effects on the production of patents. Instead the size of the R&D staff of the corporation seems to be the most internal factor. There is no visible indication that accessibility to other corporations’ research is important for innovativeness. This suggests that knowledge flows, between firms belonging to different corporations are limited.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies in its series Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation with number 3.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: 07 May 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:cesisp:0003

Contact details of provider:
Postal: CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: +46 8 790 95 63
Web page: http://www.infra.kth.se/cesis/
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Keywords: Accessibility; private and university R&D; patents; spillovers; Sweden;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Karlsson, Charlie & Johansson, Börje & Stough, Roger, 2008. "Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Functional Regions," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 144, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  2. Ejermo, Olof & Karlsson, Charlie, 2005. "Interregional Inventor Networks as Studied by Patent Co-inventorships," CIRCLE Electronic Working Papers 2005/11, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
  3. Tavassoli, Sam & Carbonara , Nunzia, 2013. "The Role of Knowledge Variety and Intensity for Regional Innovative Capability," CIRCLE Electronic Working Papers 2013/34, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
  4. Börje Johansson & Hans Lööf & Amy Rade Olsson, 2005. "Firm location, Corporate Structure, R&D Investment, Innovation and Productivity," ERSA conference papers ersa05p108, European Regional Science Association.
  5. Karlsson, Charlie & Johansson, Börje, 2006. "Regional Development and Knowledge," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 76, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  6. Urban Gråsjö & Tobias Arvemo, 2011. "Different measures of economic growth lead to different conclusions?," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1515, European Regional Science Association.
  7. Johansson, Börje & Lööf, Hans, 2006. "Innovation Activities Explained By Firm Attributes And Location," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 63, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  8. Sam Tavassoli & Nunzia Carbonara, 2013. "The Role of Knowledge Variety and Intensity for Regional Innovative Capability - Swedish evidence," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1317, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Oct 2013.
  9. Aguilera, Anne, 2008. "Business travel and mobile workers," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 42(8), pages 1109-1116, October.

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