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A stepwise-projection data envelopment analysis for public transport operations in Japan

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  • Soushi Suzuki

    ()

  • Peter Nijkamp

Abstract

With tightening budgets and increasingly critical reviews of public expenditure, there is a need for a careful analysis of the performance of public bodies in terms of an efficient execution of their tasks. These questions show up everywhere in the public domain, for instance, in the provision of medical facilities, the operation of postal services, or the supply of public transport. A standard tool to judge the efficiency of such agencies is Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). In the past years, much progress has been made to extend this approach in various directions. Examples are the Distance Friction Minimization (DFM) model and the Context-Dependent (CD) model. The DFM model is based on a generalized distance friction function and serves to improve the performance of a Decision Making Unit (DMU) by identifying the most appropriate movement towards the efficiency frontier surface. Standard DEA models use a uniform proportional input reduction (or a uniform proportional output increase) in the improvement projections, but the DFM approach aims to enhance efficiency strategies by introducing a weighted projection function. The present paper will first offer a new integrated DEA tool – emerging from a blend of the DFM and CD model using the Charnes-Cooper-Rhodes (CCR) method - in order to design a stepwise efficiency-improving projection model for a conventional DEA. The above-mentioned stepwise-projection model is illustrated on the basis of an application to the efficiency analysis of public transport operations in Japan.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s12076-011-0058-8
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences.

Volume (Year): 4 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 (July)
Pages: 139-156

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Handle: RePEc:spr:lsprsc:v:4:y:2011:i:2:p:139-156

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Web page: http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/12076

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Related research

Keywords: Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA); Stepwise projection; Distance friction minimization; Context-dependence; Public transport operations; R40; C44;

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References

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  1. Seiford, Lawrence M. & Zhu, Joe, 2003. "Context-dependent data envelopment analysis--Measuring attractiveness and progress," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 31(5), pages 397-408, October.
  2. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
  3. Soushi Suzuki & Peter Nijkamp & Piet Rietveld, 2011. "Regional efficiency improvement by means of data envelopment analysis through Euclidean distance minimization including fixed input factors: An application to tourist regions in Italy," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 90(1), pages 67-89, 03.
  4. Suzuki, Soushi & Nijkamp, Peter & Rietveld, Piet & Pels, Eric, 2010. "A distance friction minimization approach in data envelopment analysis: A comparative study on airport efficiency," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 207(2), pages 1104-1115, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Karima Kourtit & Daniel Arribas-Bel & Peter Nijkamp, 2012. "High performers in complex spatial systems: a self-organizing mapping approach with reference to The Netherlands," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 48(2), pages 501-527, April.
  2. Soushi Suzuki & Peter Nijkamp, 2011. "A Stepwise Efficiency Improvement DEA Model for Airport Operations with Fixed Production Factors," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1065, European Regional Science Association.

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