Trade and Conflict: Proximity, Country Size, and Measures
AbstractThe effect of trade on military conflict is one of the most important questions in international relations. Liberals argue that trade brings peace, neo-realists and neo-Marxists reason that trade brings conflict, while classical realists contend that trade has no impact on conflict. This article investigates theoretically and empirically some of the most important issues that remain in this literature: the roles of geographical proximity, country size, the handling of the trade data, and the conceptualization of conflict. Employing a simultaneous equations model, we find that the claim that trade brings peace is not robust, but rather it is conflict that reduces trade.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Peace Science Society (International) in its journal Conflict Management and Peace Science.
Volume (Year): 27 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
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Web page: http://pss.la.psu.edu/
fatal disputes; liberal peace; militarized interstate disputes; missing trade data; realism; simultaneity; zero trade;
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