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Demande de travail et d’heures supplémentaires : étude empirique pour le Canada et le Québec

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  • Kamel, Nawal

    (Oxford University)

  • Mohnen, Pierre

    (Département des sciences économiques et LABREV, Université du Québec à Montréal)

  • Roy, Paul-Martel

    (Département des sciences économiques et LABREV, Université du Québec à Montréal)

Abstract

This study estimates what determines the demands for workers and hours worked and how these two factors are interrelated within a generalized flexible accelerator framework. The model is estimated on monthly data from the manufacturing sectors of Canada and of Québec from May 1983 to February 1986. Our estimations on both sets of data reveal 1) that a reduction in the usual number of hours worked per week would decrease employment and increase the average number of overtime hours, and 2) that a reduction in the fixed costs per full-time worker would increase employment and decrease overtime work in the short run. Cette étude estime les déterminants des demandes de travailleurs et d’heures travaillées et les interrelations entre ces deux facteurs à partir d’un modèle d’ajustement flexible généralisé. Le modèle est estimé avec les données mensuelles des secteurs manufacturiers québécois et ontarien de mai 1983 à février 1986. Deux résultats ressortent de nos estimations tant pour le Canada que pour le Québec : 1) une diminution de la semaine normale de travail aurait un impact négatif sur l’emploi et positif sur la moyenne d’heures supplémentaires; 2) une diminution des coûts fixes par travailleur à temps plein augmenterait le nombre de personnes employées et diminuerait le temps supplémentaire à court terme.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 64 (1988)
Issue (Month): 1 (mars)
Pages: 23-43

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:64:y:1988:i:1:p:23-43

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  1. M. Ishaq Nadiri & Sherwin Rosen, 1973. "A Disequilibrium Model of Demand for Factors of Production," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number nadi73-1, May.
  2. Hazledine, Tim, 1978. "New Specifications for Employment and Hours Functions," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 45(178), pages 179-93, May.
  3. Nadiri, M Ishaq & Rosen, Sherwin, 1969. "Interrelated Factor Demand Functions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(4), pages 457-71, Part I Se.
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