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Relaciones entre democracia y desarrollo en los países andinos. Una reflexión desde la economía política

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  • Édgard Moncayo Jiménez

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    Abstract

    Democratic governance during the last two decades in the Andean countries contrasts sharply with low levels of economic growth and the increase in unemployment and poverty. This essay argues that the Gordian knot of this paradox is the high level of inequality in income distribution. This inequality is the cause and consequence of the malfunctioning of the economic and the political system, since economic elites control political power and create institutions and policies that reflect the interests of the wealthy rather than the common interest. This creates a vicious circle in which “controlled” democracy reproduces and expands the inequalities that bore it.

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    File URL: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/facecono/ecoinstitucional/workingpapers/emoncayo14.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía in its journal Revista de Economía Institucional.

    Volume (Year): 8 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 14 (January-June)
    Pages: 167-190

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    Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:8:y:2006:i:14:p:167-190

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    Related research

    Keywords: democracy; development; income distribution; political economy;

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    1. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James Robinson, 2004. "Institutions as the Fundamental Cause of Long-Run Growth," NBER Working Papers 10481, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Easterly, William & Levine, Ross, 2003. "Tropics, germs, and crops: how endowments influence economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 3-39, January.
    3. Rodrik, Dani, 2000. "Institutions For High-Quality Growth: What They Are And How To Acquire Them," CEPR Discussion Papers 2370, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Torsten Persson, 2002. "Do Political Institutions Shape Economic Policy?," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(3), pages 883-905, May.
    5. Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa & Eve Caroli & Philippe Aghion, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1615-1660, December.
    6. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2001. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(5), pages 1369-1401, December.
    7. Aaron Tornell & Gerardo Esquivel Hernández, 1997. "The Political Economy of Mexico's Entry into NAFTA," NBER Chapters, in: Regionalism versus Multilateral Trade Arrangements, NBER-EASE Volume 6, pages 25-56 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Barro, Robert J, 1996. " Democracy and Growth," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 1-27, March.
    9. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2001. "Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution," NBER Working Papers 8460, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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