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Chronique des tendances de la société française

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    [eng] Louis Dirn. This article develops two different aspects of social change : the decline of overpopulation in dwellings and the French opinion on European unification : The overpopulation in the dwellings had known a substantial decline from 1960 to 1980 ; the trend continues, but slower. The peasants enjoy the widest houses, and the workers the littlest, but the main gap is between age groups : the popular youth, who lives in the littlest dwellings, know no improvement, and the aged service class enjoys larger and larger houses. An opinion survey shows that French people, who were largely approving European unification, are now equally separated between sceptics and proselytes. Income and educational gaps appear clearly, but age and occupation is not discriminating. Compared to other countries, French people are more homogeneous ; the differences between regions are comparatively slight. [fre] Cette chronique traite de deux sujets très différents, le logement et l'opinion des Français sur l'Europe. Le surpeuplement des logements décru très fortement de 1960 à 1980 et continue à décroître, mais plus lentement. Les agriculteurs disposent des logements les plus vastes et les employés et ouvriers les plus exigus, mais cette différence entre catégories sociales est moins forte que celle entre classes d'âges : alors que les jeunes connaissent une stagnation, les plus de 65 ans disposent de plus en plus d'espace. Le contraste le plus fort est entre les jeunes d'origine populaire et les cadres et professions intermédiaires âgés. De même les différences concernant des dépenses de logement se sont accrues entre 1984 et 1994. Un sondage d'opinion montre que les Français, naguère très favorables à l'égard de l'Europe, sont devenus moins nombreux : les opinions se partagent par moitiés. Les différences habituelles en fonction du revenu et du diplôme apparaissent, mais l'âge et la profession ne sont pas nettement discriminants. Par comparaison avec les autres pays européens, les Français sont plus homogènes dans leurs opinions. Les différences régionales sont beaucoup moins fortes que dans les autres pays.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/ofce.1998.1504
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/ofce_0751-6614_1998_num_65_1_1504/ofce_0751-6614_1998_num_65_1_1504.pdf?mode=light
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

    Volume (Year): 65 (1998)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 345-363

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1998_num_65_1_1504

    Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.1998.1504
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ofce

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