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Innovation et évolution industrielle de long terme

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  • Jackie Krafft
  • Marie-Antoinette Maupertuis

Abstract

[eng] Innovation and Long Term Evolution of Industries This article presents the new developments in industry life cycle analysis, compared to the basic model of Gort and Klepper [1982]. In a context where industry life cycle models are back at the centre stage of the economic literature, the purpose of the article is, first, to assess the analytical and empirical results of this specific trend of industrial dynamics. Second, it is to show the limits of this framework in integrating some crucial determinants of the industrial dynamics - such as vertical relationships, different types of interfirms cooperation, the nature of demand, market segmentation, or the industrial property context — which are nevertheless key evolution mechanisms of industries in modern economies. Third, it is to characterize the possible connexions and/or divergences between industry life cycle models and other trends of the industrial dynamics literature, be they evolutionary or mainstream, able to come over the preceding limitations. [fre] Jackie Kraflt, Marie-Antoinette Maupertuis Innovation et évolution industrielle de long terme. Cet article présente les développements récents des modèles de cycle de vie de l'industrie, en soulignant notamment les avancées réalisées par rapport au modèle de base de Gort et Klepper [1982]. Compte tenu du regain d'intérêt actuel pour ce type de littérature, l'objet de cet article est, tout d'abord, de retracer les résultats analytiques et empiriques de ce courant particulier de littérature dédiée à la dynamique industrielle. Il est, ensuite, de montrer les limites de ces modèles dans la prise en compte de certains déterminants fondamentaux de la dynamique industrielle - comme les relations verticales, les différents types de coopération inter-fîrmes, la nature de la demande, la segmentation des marchés, ou le contexte de propriété industrielle - qui sont pourtant constitutifs des mécanismes d'évolution des industries dans les économies modernes. Il est, enfin, de rechercher les points de rencontre et/ou de divergence existant entre ce courant et d'autres approches - évolu- tionniste ou traditionnelle — de la dynamique industrielle, en permettant de repousser les limites précédemment identifiées.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 19 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 189-223

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2004_num_19_2_1551

Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2004.1551
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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  1. Teece, David J., 1986. "Profiting from technological innovation: Implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 285-305, December.
  2. Klepper, Steven & Simons, Kenneth L, 1997. "Technological Extinctions of Industrial Firms: An Inquiry into Their Nature and Causes," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(2), pages 379-460, March.
  3. Agarwal, Rajshree, 1998. "Evolutionary trends of industry variables," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 511-525, July.
  4. Windrum, Paul & Birchenhall, Chris, 1998. "Is product life cycle theory a special case? Dominant designs and the emergence of market niches through coevolutionary-learning," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 109-134, March.
  5. Jovanovic, B. & MacDonald, G.M., 1992. "The Life-Cycle of Competitive Industry," Papers 92-09, Rochester, Business - Financial Research and Policy Studies.
  6. Klepper, Steven, 1997. "Industry Life Cycles," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(1), pages 145-81.
  7. Steven Klepper & Kenneth L. Simons, 2000. "The Making of an Oligopoly: Firm Survival and Technological Change in the Evolution of the U.S. Tire Industry," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(4), pages 728-760, August.
  8. Klepper, Steven, 1996. "Entry, Exit, Growth, and Innovation over the Product Life Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 562-83, June.
  9. Dosi, Giovanni, et al, 1997. "Industrial Structures and Dynamics: Evidence, Interpretations and Puzzles," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(1), pages 3-24.
  10. Geroski, P. A., 1995. "What do we know about entry?," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 421-440, December.
  11. Gort, Michael & Klepper, Steven, 1982. "Time Paths in the Diffusion of Product Innovations," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 92(367), pages 630-53, September.
  12. Steven Klepper, 2002. "The capabilities of new firms and the evolution of the US automobile industry," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(4), pages 645-666, August.
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