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Spécialisation et polyvalence des travailleurs. Une représentation microéconomique

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  • Véronique Janod
  • Xavier Pautrel

Abstract

[fre] Spécialisation et polyvalence des travailleurs. Une représentation microéconomique. . Nous proposons une représentation microéconomique de l'organisation du travail mise en œuvre par les entreprises, où l'organisation du temps de travail choisie par l'employeur, pour chaque catégorie d'employés, dépend de leurs capacités de spécialisation et de leurs capacités à exploiter des complémentarités informationnelles existant entre les tâches, ces capacités variant selon leur formation scolaire. Nous montrons que (i) l'organisation optimale du travail dépend de la technologie de production utilisée, des capacités productives propres aux différentes catégories de travailleurs et de la composition de la main-d'œuvre de l'entreprise, (ii) que des organisations ohnoienne et taylorienne du temps de travail peuvent coexister. [eng] Versatility or specialization of workers: amicroeconomic representation. . This paper studies how firms choose their organization of work, i.e. how they assign heterogenous workers to different production tasks. It demonstrates the existence of different strategies of work organization which depend on the workers' ability to acquire new competence byperforming a particular taskandon their ability to benefit from their newly acquired competence in executing another task. We demonstrate (i) that the optimal organization of work depends on the production technology, the productive characteristics of workers and on the labor force com­position, and that (ii) Ohnoian and Taylorian working-time organizations may coexist.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 53 (2002)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 659-668

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_3_410435

Note: DOI:10.2307/3502995
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/reco

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Cited by:
  1. Raouf Boucekkine & Patricia Crifo, 2008. "Human Capital Accumulation and the Transition from Specialization to Multi-tasking," Post-Print hal-00243029, HAL.
  2. Nathalie Greenan & Emmanuelle Walkowiak, 2005. "Informatique, organisation du travail et interactions sociales," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 387(1), pages 35-63.

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