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L'évolution de la structure des prix et les inégalités de niveau de vie en France de 1974 à 1995

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  • Denis Cogneau
  • Marceline Bodier

Abstract

[fre] L'évolution de la structure des prix et les inégalités de niveau de vie en france de 1974 à 1995 . par Marceline Bodier et Denis Cogneau . Entre 1 974 et 1 995 , l' économie française a connu de forts mouvements dans les prix relatifs des biens de consommation. Pourtant ces mouvements n'ont eu qu'un impact modeste sur la redistribution du niveau de vie entre les ménages, en comparaison de la redistribution des revenus. Quoique faible, cet impact redistributif des prix relatifs peut néanmoins être jugé positif depuis 1984, surtout entre 1984 et 1989, période pendant laquelle les inégalités de revenu et la pauvreté ont beaucoup augmenté. Des études avaient montré que les changements dans la structure des taux de TVA provoqués par l'harmonisation européenne auraient un impact anti-distributif important. Celui-ci semble moindre que prévu, et il a été compensé par d'autres évolutions de prix relatifs pro-distributives. Enfin l'évolution récente des prix relatifs a également favorisé les classes d'âge les plus anciennes. [eng] Price Structure Trends and Standard-of-Living Inequalities in France from 1974 to 1995 by Marceline Bodier and Denis Cogneau . French consumer prices fluctuated sharply from 1974 to 1995. However, these fluctuations had only a modest effect on the redistribution of household standards of living compared with income redistribution. Although minor, the redistributive effect of prices can be deemed positive since 1984 and more especially from 1984 to 1989 when income inequalities and poverty rose sharply. A number of studies have forecast that changes in the VAT rate structure due to European harmonisation would have a substantial antidistributive effect. The effect seems to be smaller than expected and has been offset by other prodistributive relative price changes. Lastly, the recent change in relative prices has also favoured the older age brackets.International Trade and Market Structures: An Empirical Test

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/ecop.1998.5921
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 135 (1998)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 29-42

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1998_num_135_4_5921

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1998.5921
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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  1. Deaton, Angus, 1977. "Equity, efficiency, and the structure of indirect taxation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 299-312, December.
  2. Slesnick, Daniel T., 1990. "Inflation, relative price variation, and inequality," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1-2), pages 135-151.
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