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Effets redistributifs et gain d'efficacité d'une réforme de l'allocation de logement en France

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  • Véronique Nichèle
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    [ger] Umverteilungspolitische Auswirkungen und Erhöhung der Wirksamkeit . einer Reform der Wohnungsbeihilfe in Frankreich : . eine mikroökonomische Untersuchung, . von Véronique Nichèle.. . Die Auswirkungen der Reform auf den Wohlstand der zur Miete wohnenden privaten Haushalte werden auf der Grunglage der INSEE-Erhebung « Budgets des ménages 1979 » analysiert, wobei nach der von M.A.King (1983) vorgeschlagenen Méthodologie vorgogangen wird. Ihre Anwendung beruht auf der Schätzung eines Ausgabensystems, das aus der auf den indirekten Nutzen bezogenen Translog-Funktion hervorgeht, und erfordert die Berechnung von personenbezogenen Mietpreisen. Um die Folgen der vorgoschlagenen Reform auszuwerten, werden Messzahlen für die Vanationen des sozialen und individuellen Wohlstands sowie Indizes zur Kennzeichnung der vertikalen und honzontalen Ungleichheit benutzt. Die Untersuchung hebt hervor, dass die Reform insbesondere die minderbemittelten oder kinderlosen Haushalte bevorteilt. [eng] Redistribution effects and efficiency gain of a program reform . of tenants' aid in France, . by Véronique Nichèle.. . The effects of the reform in this aid program on the welfare of tenants are analysed on the basis of the survey : « Households' Budgets in 1979 », carried on by the Inséé. King's methodology (1983) is applied to an expenditure system resulting from a translog indirect utility function which needs the computation of individual prices for housing. The consequences of the reform. ( welfare variation, horizontal and vertical inequality ) are evaluated. The study indicates that poor households or households without children benefit from the reform. [fre] Effets redistributifs et gain d'efficacité d'une réforme de l'allocation de logement en France : une analyse microéconomique, . par Véronique Nichèle.. . Les effets de la réforme sur le bien-être des ménages locataires sont analysés à partir de l'enquête Inséé « Budgets des ménages 1979 » en suivant la méthodologie proposée par M.A. King (1983). Son application repose sur l'estimation d'un système de dépenses issu de la fonction d'utilité indirecte translog et nécessite la construction de prix personnalisés du logement. Des mesures de variation du bien-être individuel et social et des indices d'inégalité verticale et horizontale sont utilisés pour évaluer les conséquences de la réforme proposée. L'étude indique que la réforme avantage particulièrement les ménages modestes ou ceux qui n'ont pas d'enfant. [spa] Efectos redistributivos y mayor eficacia de una reforma . de las prestaciones para la vivienda en Francia : . un análisis microeconómico, . por Véronique Nichèle.. . Se analizan los efectos de fa reforma sobre el bienestar de las familias que alquilan sus viviendas a partir de la encuesta de la INSEE (Oficina nacional de estadística y de estudios económicos) : « Presupuestos de los hogares 1979 » según la metodolo-gía propuesta por M .A. King (1983). Su aplicación descansa en la estimación de un sistema de gastos proveniente de la función de utilidad indirecta translog y requière la construcciôn de precios personalizados de la vivienda. Se utilizan medidas de variación del bienestar individual y social e índices de desigualdad vertical y horizontal para evaluar las consecuencias de la reforma propuesta. El estudio indica que la reforma favorece en particular a las familias modestas o a aquéllas que no tienen niños.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

    Volume (Year): 91 (1989)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 19-34

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1989_num_91_5_5136

    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1989.5136
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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    1. Christensen, Laurits R & Jorgenson, Dale W & Lau, Lawrence J, 1975. "Transcendental Logarithmic Utility Functions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 65(3), pages 367-83, June.
    2. King, Mervyn A., 1983. "Welfare analysis of tax reforms using household data," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 183-214, July.
    3. King, Mervyn A, 1983. "An Index of Inequality: With Applications to Horizontal Equity and Social Mobility," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(1), pages 99-115, January.
    4. Deaton, Angus S & Muellbauer, John, 1980. "An Almost Ideal Demand System," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(3), pages 312-26, June.
    5. Lau, Lawrence J & Lin, Wuu-Long & Yotopoulos, Pan A, 1978. "The Linear Logarithmic Expenditure System: An Application to Consumption-Leisure Choice," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(4), pages 843-68, July.
    6. King, Mervyn A., 1980. "An econometric model of tenure choice and demand for housing as a joint decision," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 137-159, October.
    7. Rafiq BACCOUCHE & François LAISNEY, 1986. "Analyse microéconomique de la réforme de la TVA de juillet 1982 en France," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 2, pages 37-74.
    8. Willig, Robert D, 1981. "Social Welfare Dominance," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(2), pages 200-204, May.
    9. Mervyn A. King, 1980. "An econometric model of tenure choice and demand for housing as a joint decision," NBER Chapters, in: Econometric Studies in Public Finance, pages 137-159 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Atkinson, Anthony B., 1970. "On the measurement of inequality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 244-263, September.
    11. Mervyn A. King, 1980. "An Index of Inequality: With Applications to Horizontal Equity and Social Mobility," NBER Working Papers 0468, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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