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The Process of Urbanisation in Pakistan, 1951–81


Author Info

  • G.M. Arif

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

  • Sabiha Ibrahim

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)


The current level of urbanisation in Pakistan, approximately 33 percent in 1998, is not high by global standards. But it is commonly linked with unemployment, underemployment, shortage of housing, transport and other infrastructure like water supply and sewerage. Compared to other areas of population dynamics, such as fertility and mortality, studies in the field of urbanisation and internal migration in Pakistan are rather limited. During the last three decades hardly half a dozen studies could be added in the field of urbanisation. These studies are primarily based on data generated by the different censuses. After the 1979 Population Labour Force and Migration (PLM) Survey, no nationally representative survey addressing the issue of urbanisation and internal migration could be carried out. Even regional studies could not be conducted during the last two decades. The present study is designed to utilise the 1998 census data to investigate urban population growth, pace (or tempo) of urbanisation and components of urban growth for the period of 1981–98.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Pakistan Institute of Development Economics in its journal The Pakistan Development Review.

Volume (Year): 37 (1998)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 507-522

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Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:37:y:1998:i:4:p:507-522

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  1. M. Framurz Kiani & H. B. Siyal, 1991. "Dimensions of Urban Growth in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 30(4), pages 681-691.
  2. Richard W. Helbock, 1975. "Differential Urban Growth and Distance Considerations in Domestic Migration Flows in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 14(1), pages 53-84.
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Cited by:
  1. G. M., Arif & Syed, Mubashir Ali & Nasir, Zafar Mueen & Arshad, Nabeela, 2001. "An introduction to the 1998-99 Pakistan socioeconomic survey (PSES)," MPRA Paper 36499, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Hina Nazli & Sohail J. Malik, 2003. "Housing: Opportunity, Security, and Empowerment for the Poor," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 42(4), pages 893-908.
  3. Mohammad, Irfan, 1999. "Rural non-farm sector in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 38152, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Cheema, Ali & Khwaja, Asim Ijaz & Qadir, Adnan, 2005. "Decentralization in Pakistan: Context, Content and Causes," Working Paper Series rwp05-034, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.


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