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An introduction to the 1998-99 Pakistan socioeconomic survey (PSES)


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  • G. M., Arif
  • Syed, Mubashir Ali
  • Nasir, Zafar Mueen
  • Arshad, Nabeela


This brief paper is quite focused. It describes the methodology and scope of the household survey carried out by the PIDE between March and July 1999, with an aim to generate nationally representative data to examine the incidence of poverty and distribution of income. It also includes information on household composition, schooling, labour market, sources of income, credit, fertility, child mortality, health, and nutrition. The next section outlines the objectives of the household survey, followed by the design of the survey as proposed in the MIMAP project. The modified design is presented in Section 4, followed by a discussion on the seasonality in Section 5. The contents of the questionnaire are discussed briefly in Section 6. A brief description of the experience of pre-testing the questionnaire is the subject matter of the next section. Nature of the training imparted to field enumerators is reported in Section 8. The processing of data and scope of the survey are discussed respectively in Sections 9 and 10. The sample characteristics are reported in the last section.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 36499.

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Date of creation: Jan 2001
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:36499

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Keywords: Poverty; Pakistan; Socio-economic; Survey;

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  1. Zafar Mueen Nasir, 2001. "Poverty and Labour Market Linkages in Pakistan," MIMAP Technical Paper Series 2001:07, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  2. G.M. Arif & Sabiha Ibrahim, 1998. "The Process of Urbanisation in Pakistan, 1951–81," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 37(4), pages 507-522.
  3. G.M. Arif & Sabiha Ibrahim, 1998. "Diarrhoea Morbidity Differentials among Children in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 37(3), pages 205-230.
  4. Rashid Amjad & A.R. Kemal, 1997. "Macroeconomic Policies and their Impact on Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 36(1), pages 39-68.
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Cited by:
  1. G. M. Arif & Faiz Bilquees, 2006. "Chronic and Transitory Poverty in Pakistan: Evidence from a Longitudinal Household Survey," MIMAP Technical Paper Series 2006:19, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  2. A.R. Kemal & M. Irfan & G. M. Arif, 2001. "MIMAP SYNTHESIS REPORT: Major Conclusions and Policy Implications," MIMAP Technical Paper Series 2001:03, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  3. G. M. Arif & Faiz Bilquees, 2006. "An Analysis of Sample Attrition in the PSES Panel Data," MIMAP Technical Paper Series 2006:20, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  4. Rashida Haq & Mohammad Ali Bhatti, 2001. "Estimating Poverty in Pakistan The Non-food Consumption Share Approach," PIDE-Working Papers 2001:183, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  5. Sarfraz K. Qureshi & G. M. Arif, 2001. "Profile of Poverty in Pakistan, 1998-99," MIMAP Technical Paper Series 2001:05, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  6. Syed Mubashir Ali, 2001. "Poverty and Child Mortality in Pakistan," MIMAP Technical Paper Series 2001:06, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  7. Hasan, Hamid, 2013. "Capabilities vis-a-vis Happiness: Evidence from Pakistan," MPRA Paper 44892, University Library of Munich, Germany.


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