Initial Advantage: The Origins of the Geographic Concentration of the Pharmaceutical Industry in the Mid-Atlantic Region
AbstractIn this paper we offer an interpretation of the social and institutional context that promoted the development and evolution of the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry. Our interest is in defining the historical circumstances that led to the geographic concentration of the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry in the Mid-Atlantic region. Our focus is both geographic and institutional as we seek to understand the forces behind geographic localization and the ways in which geographic localization may contribute to the advancement of science and to the evolution of industries. In this paper, we describe the general development of the industry in the Mid-Atlantic region of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Copyright 1996 by Oxford University Press.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Oxford University Press in its journal Industrial & Corporate Change.
Volume (Year): 5 (1996)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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- Jeffrey L. Furman & Margaret K. Kyle & Iain M. Cockburn & Rebecca Henderson, 2006.
"Public & Private Spillovers, Location and the Productivity of Pharmaceutical Research,"
NBER Working Papers
12509, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Jeffrey FURMAN & Margaret K. KYLE & AIain COCKBURN & Rebecca M. HENDERSON, 2005. "Public & Private Spillovers: Location and the Productivity of Pharmaceutical Research," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 79-80, pages 165-188.
- Megan MacGarvie & Jeffrey L. Furman, 2005. "Early Academis Science and the Birth of Industrial Research Laboratories in the U.S. Pharmaceutical Industry," NBER Working Papers 11470, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Ron Boschma & Rik Wenting, 2011. "The spatial clustering of the Dutch banking sector in the Amsterdam region: the importance of spinoffs and mergers in the period 1850-1993," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1158, European Regional Science Association.
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