Arsenic Mitigation in Bangladesh: A Household Labor Market Approach
AbstractA major environmental tragedy of modern times is the widespread arsenic contamination of shallow drinking water wells in Bangladesh. High levels of arsenic present in many wells went unrecognized for years. Now large numbers of people show a range of symptoms associated with chronic arsenic exposure. Most of the economics literature follows an epidemiological approach effectively monetizing a dose response relation. We take a different approach, given widespread exposure, and examine impacts on household labor supply. We find significant effects broadly consistent with available epidemiological information in terms of the percent of the population impacted and which demographic groups are most impacted. The nature of the arsenic contamination provides a high quality statistical instrument that identifies a labor supply reduction of over 8%. Particular attention is paid to large substitution effects involving within household labor supply as this is the primary means of insurance among poor households in developing countries.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Agricultural and Applied Economics Association in its journal American Journal of Agricultural Economics.
Volume (Year): 93 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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Other versions of this item:
- Carson, Richard T. & Koundouri, Phoebe & Nauges, Céline, 2009. "Arsenic Mitigation in Bangladesh: A Household Labor Market Approach," TSE Working Papers 09-106, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
- Carson, Richard T & Koundouri, Phoebe & Nauges, CÃ©line, 2009. "Arsenic Mitigation in Bangladesh: A Houseold Labor Market Approach," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt5112208j, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
- Richard Carson & Phoebe Koundouri & Celine Nauges, . "Arsenic Mitigation in Bangladesh: A Household Labor Market Approach," DEOS Working Papers 1130, Athens University of Economics and Business.
- Richard T. Carson & Phoebe Koundouri & NAUGES CÃ©line, 2009. "Arsenic Mitigation in Bangladesh A Household Labor Market Approach," LERNA Working Papers 09.25.301, LERNA, University of Toulouse.
- Koundouri, Phoebe & Carson, Richard & Nauges, Céline, 2010. "Arsenic Mitigation in Bangladesh: A Household Labor Market Approach," MPRA Paper 38275, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Phoebe Koundouri & Richard Carson & CÃƒÂ©line Nauges, . "Arsenic Mitigation in Bangladesh: A Household Labor Market Approach," DEOS Working Papers 1029, Athens University of Economics and Business.
- Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
- Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
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