The determinants of savings in the third pension pillar
AbstractThe paper analyses participation in and contributions to the third pillar of the pension system by Belgian households. This pillar represents individual saving for retirement and has been growing rapidly. A detailed dataset of tax declarations over the period from 1993 until 2003 was used to analyse the possible determinants of saving in the third pillar. Firstly, this dataset makes an analysis from a macroeconomic point of view possible, showing an apparent increase in total contributions to the third pillar by 39 p.c. in real terms between 1993 and 2003. This increase is mainly due to a rise in the participation rate (29 p.c. in 1993 and 40 p.c. in 2003). A detailed analysis is provided across the age groups, which further shows the influence of the demographic evolution, the average income of the participants in the third pillar and the contribution rate. The dataset also helps point up a wide number of possible microeconomic determinants of saving for retirement, such as age, income, professional status, civil status, region of residence, property ownership, employment situation, participation in second pillar pension schemes, number of dependents, etc. Moreover, the database allows a distinction to be made between the two forms in the third pillar : pension saving and life insurance. From such a microeconomic point of view, the analysis sheds some light on the major determinants of participation to the third pillar. The main findings show that older households are more likely to opt for a third pillar pension scheme. Furthermore, it appears that households consider the two forms of the third pillar as being complementary rather than substitutes for each other : households that participate in pension saving schemes are also more likely to take out life insurance and vice versa. Besides age, the other determinants that have a positive impact on participation in the third pillar of the pension system are : having higher income, being self-employed, getting an early retirement pension, being a home owner, being married and living in Flanders rather than Brussels or Wallonia.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by National Bank of Belgium in its journal Economic Review.
Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): III (December)
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Boulevard de Berlaimont 14, B-1000 Bruxelles
Phone: (+ 32) (0) 2 221 25 34
Fax: (+ 32) (0) 2 221 31 62
Web page: http://www.nbb.be/
More information through EDIRC
personal finance; pension fund; life insurance; private pensions;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D14 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Saving; Personal Finance
- G22 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Insurance; Insurance Companies; Actuarial Studies
- G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
- J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- repec:ner:leuven:urn:hdl:123456789/203081 is not listed on IDEAS
- B. Douglas Bernheim & Daniel M. Garrett, 1996.
"The Determinants and Consequences of Financial Education in the Workplace: Evidence from a Survey of Households,"
NBER Working Papers
5667, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- B. Douglas Bernheim & Daniel M. Garrett, 1996. "The Determinants and Consequences of Financial Education in the Workplace: Evidence from a Survey of Households," Working Papers 96007, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
- repec:crr:crrwps:2000-12 is not listed on IDEAS
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ().
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.