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Immobility in travel diary surveys


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  • Jean-Loup Madre


  • Kay Axhausen


  • Werner Brög


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    The share of immobile persons, i.e. persons not leaving their homes on a given reporting day, is both a central result and a prime quality indicator of a travel diary survey. The wide range of values for the share of immobiles reported in travel diary and time budget survey literature has motivated this in-depth analysis of the reasons for these disparities. This paper collates available evidence on the share of immobiles in travel diary surveys. The share of these non-travellers (UK), or no-trippers (US), varies greatly between otherwise similar surveys. After analysing both disaggregate and aggregate information, this paper concludes that the share of immobiles should be in the range of 8%–12% for the standard one-day, weekday-only travel diary. The analysis suggests that a substantial share of respondents refuse to participate in a soft way, i.e. by claiming not to have left the house. In its conclusions, the paper sketches new ways to reduce the share of such soft refusers during the interview and to identify them during the analysis. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Transportation.

    Volume (Year): 34 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January)
    Pages: 107-128

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    Handle: RePEc:kap:transp:v:34:y:2007:i:1:p:107-128

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    Keywords: Travel behaviour; Immobile; Non-traveller; No-tripper; Response behaviour; Travel diary; Disaggregate analysis; Meta-analysis; Verkehrsverhalten; immobil; Antwortverhalten; Wegetagebuch; disaggregierte Modelle; Meta-Analyse;


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    1. Kay Axhausen & Andrea Zimmermann & Stefan Schönfelder & Guido Rindsfüser & Thomas Haupt, 2002. "Observing the rhythms of daily life: A six-week travel diary," Transportation, Springer, Springer, vol. 29(2), pages 95-124, May.
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    Cited by:
    1. Caroline Bayart & Patrick Bonnel, 2010. "Enquête déplacements web - face-à-face : quelle comparabilité ?," Post-Print halshs-00566236, HAL.
    2. Caroline Bayart & Patrick Bonnel, 2012. "Combining web and face-to-face in travel surveys: comparability challenges?," Transportation, Springer, Springer, vol. 39(6), pages 1147-1171, November.
    3. Weis, Claude & Axhausen, Kay W., 2009. "Induced travel demand: Evidence from a pseudo panel data based structural equations model," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 8-18.
    4. Sophie Roux & Joël Meissonnier & Jean-Loup Madre & Jean-Paul Hubert, 2012. "La pause méridienne : un facteur clé de l’évolution de la mobilité en France depuis 35 ans," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 457(1), pages 35-55.
    5. Marcela Munizaga & Sergio Jara-Díaz & Javiera Olguín & Jorge Rivera, 2011. "Generating twins to build weekly time use data from multiple single day OD surveys," Transportation, Springer, Springer, vol. 38(3), pages 511-524, May.
    6. Patrick Bonnel & Caroline Bayart, 2010. "L'impact du mode d'enquête sur la mesure des comportements de mobilité," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 437(1), pages 47-70.


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