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Financing the emerging firm

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  • William Gartner

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  • Casey Frid

    ()

  • John Alexander

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    Abstract

    This study explores the financing choices of 1,214 nascent entrepreneurs in the PSED II dataset. Funding sources are divided into two broad categories: personal and external. We develop a set of hypotheses about the kinds of firm and nascent entrepreneur characteristics that would likely influence which categories of financial resources are used, and the amounts acquired. The majority of financing (57% of all financing) for emerging ventures comes from the personal contributions of its founders, who contributed a median amount of $5,500 per respondent. Firms that more likely to acquire external funding were projected to have higher levels of revenue, were incorporated, and were legally registered. Nascent entrepreneurs with higher levels of education and net worth were significantly more likely to acquire external funding. Results from analyses are presented and discussed. Implications of our findings are provided and suggestions for future research are offered. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2012

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11187-011-9359-y
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Small Business Economics.

    Volume (Year): 39 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 3 (October)
    Pages: 745-761

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    Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:39:y:2012:i:3:p:745-761

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    Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100338

    Related research

    Keywords: Nascent entrepreneur; Capital structure; Finance; Start-up; PSED; G32; L26; M13;

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    1. Allen N. Berger & Gregory F. Udell, 1998. "The economics of small business finance: the roles of private equity and debt markets in the financial growth cycle," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 1998-15, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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